Definition of Tyrium
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Orthography ID = 2061394
1.
LNS
Tyrium, Tyriī
Tyrius
noun (n., 2nd declension)
  1. a purple color
Abbreviations
Tyrus or -os, i, f., = Τύρος (Heb. ). Lit., Tyre, a famous mariiime and commercial city of the Phaenicians, especially celebrated for its purple, now the ruins of Soor, Mel. 1, 12, 2; Plin. 5, 19, 17, § 76; Curt. 4, 2 sq.; Cic. N. D. 3, 16, 42; Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 56, § 145; Tib. 1, 7, 20; Prop. 3, 13 (4, 12), 7; Verg. A. 1, 346; Cv. M. 3, 539; 15, 288.

—Hence, Tyrius, a, um, adj. Of or belonging to Tyre, Tyrian: purpura, Cic. Fl. 29, 70: murex, Ov. A. A. 3, 170; id. M. 11, 166: fucus, id. ib. 6, 222: colores, id. ib. 9, 340; Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 18: vestes, id. S. 2, 4, 84: chlamys, Ov. M. 5, 51: merces, Hor. C. 3, 29, 60: puella, i. e. Europa, Ov. F. 5, 605; also called Tyria paelex, id. M. 3, 258; cf. taurus (that carried her), Mart. 10, 51, 1: Tyria maria in proverbium deductum est, quod Tyro oriundi Poeni adeo potentes maris fuerunt, ut omnibus mortalibus navigatio esset periculosa. Afranius in Epistula: hunc in servum autem maria Tyria conciet, Fest. p. 355 Mull.

— Poet., for Theban (because Thebes was founded by the Phaenician, Cadmus): montes, in the neighborhood of Thebes, Stat. Th. 1, 10; 12, 693: agri, id. ib. 9, 406: ductor, i. e. Eteocles, id. ib. 11, 205: exsul, i. e. Polynices, id. ib. 3, 406: plectrum, i. e. of Amphion, id. S. 3, 1, 16; cf. chelys, id. Th. 8, 232.

— Carthaginian: arces, Verg. A. 1, 20: virgines, id. ib. 1, 336: urbs, id. ib. 1, 388: doli, Sil. 7, 268: patres, id. 2, 24: ductor, i. e. Hannibal, id. 10, 171; cf. miles, the army of Hannibal, id. 8, 13.

— Purple, of a purple color: torus, Tib. 1, 2, 75: sinus, id. 1, 9, 70: vestes, id. 1, 7, 47: palla, id. 4, 2, 11: subtemen, id. 4, 1, 121: amictus, Ov A. A. 2, 297: cocco tinctum Tyrio, Plin. 9, 41, 65, § 140.

—Subst.: Ty-rium, i, n., a purple color: Tyria atque conchylia et omnis alios colores, Plin. 22, 2, 3, § 3; 35, 6, 26, § 45.

—Plur subst.: Tyrii, ōrum, m., the inhabitants of Tyre, the Tyrians, Mel. 3, 6, 1; Cic. Phil. 11, 13, 35; id. Q. Fr. 2, 13, 2; Luc. 5, 108 al.

—Poet., transf. (cf. supra), for Thebans, Stat. Th. 1, 10; 2, 73; 9, 489.

—For Carthaginians, Verg. A. 1, 574; 4, 111; Sil. 1, 82 al.

— Transf., poet., purple, Mart. 2, 29, 3; 6, 11, 7.
 
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