Definition of triumvir, tresvir
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Orthography ID = 2060924
1.
LNS
triumvir, triumvirī
(tresvir, tresvirī)
tresvir
Mostly Plural
noun (m., 2nd -R declension)
  1. three men holding an office together or associated in public business, a board of three, three joint commissioners, a triumvirate
  2. for leading out a colony and distributing the land among its members
  3. superintendents of public prisons
  4. directors of the mint
  5. three commissioners to regulate money
  6. fire-wardens
Abbreviations
triumviri (also written tresviri, and IIIviri), ōrum or ūm, m. tres-vir, three men holding an office together or associated in public business, a board of three, three joint commissioners appointed for various purposes, a triumvirate. So, Triumviri coloniae deducendae or agro dando, for leading out a colony and distributing the land among its members, Liv. 3, 1, 6; 4, 11, 5; 6, 21, 4; 8, 16, 14 al.

—In sing.: nobilitas ... Gaium Gracchum ... triumvirum coloniis deducundis ferro necaverat, Sall. J. 42, 1: triumvir agrarius, Liv. 27, 21, 10; Cic. Brut. 20, 79.

— Triumviri capitales, superintendents of public prisons, who performed many of the duties of modern police magistrates, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 3; Cic. Or. 46, 156: carceris lautumiarum, Liv. 32, 26, 27; Dig. 1, 2, 2, § 30; Liv. 25, 1, 10; 39, 14, 10.

—In sing., Val. Max. 5, 4, 7.

— Triumviri Epulones, v. epulo.

— Triumviri monetales, directors of the mint, Dig. 1, 2, 2, § 30.

— Triumviri mensarii, three commissioners to regulate money, Liv. 23, 21, 6; 24, 18, 12; 26, 36, 8.

— Triumviri nocturni, fire-wardens, Liv. 9, 46, 3; Val. Max. 8, 1, 6; Dig. 1, 15, 1.

— Triumviri reipublicae constituendae; these were Antony, Octavianus, and Lepidus, appointed to regulate public affairs, Liv. Epit. 120; Suet. Aug. 96; id. Tib. 4; Flor. 4, 6.

— In sing., Vell. 2, 88, 1; Suet. Aug. 9; 54; Gell. 3, 9, 4; Nep. Att. 12, 2.

— Boards for recruiting troops: senatus triumviros binos creari jussit, Liv. 25, 5, 6.

— Triumviri sacris conquirendis donisque persignandis, to collect and register votive offerings, etc., Liv. 25, 7, 5.

— Triumviri reficiendis aedibus Fortunae et matris Matutae et Spei, for the restoration of temples, Liv. 25, 7, 6.

— The three chief magistrates of a municipality: Q. Manlius, qui tum erat IIIvir, Cic. Clu. 13, 38.
 
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