Definition of tristitia
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Orthography ID = 2060875
1.
LNS
tristitia, tristitiae
noun (f., 1st declension)
  1. sadness, mournfulness, sorrow, grief, melancholy, gloominess, dejection
  2. moroseness, sourness, gloominess, harshness, sternness, severity
Abbreviations
tristitia, ae, f. id., sadness, mournfulness, sorrow, grief, melancholy, gloominess, dejection (class.; syn. maestitia). In gen. Of living beings: tum ad tristitiam, tum ad laetitiam est contorquendus, Cic. de Or. 2, 17, 72: ex summā laetitiā atque lasciviā repente omnes tristitia invasit, Sall. C. 31, 1: in eādem tristitiā permanere, Caes. B. G. 1, 32: magno metu ac tristitiā sollicitari, Auct. B. Afr. 10: lacrimis ac tristitiā te tradidisti, Luccei. ap. Cic. Fam. 5, 14, 2: tu sapiens finire memento Tristitiam, Hor. C. 1, 7, 18: tristitiam compescere, Ov. M. 9, 397: esse aliquam cognatam tristitiae voluptatem, Sen. Ep. 99, 25: (vino) tristitia et cura hebetatur, Plin. 23, 1, 22, § 38: tristitiam animi resolvi, id. 24, 6, 15, § 24: subitā tristitiā implicatis militum animis, Val. Max. 1, 6, 12: cum tristitiā et maerore in vitā remanere, id. 2, 6, 14: tristitiam ad ultimam perductus, Petr. 24.

— Trop.: sol recedens quasi tristitiā quādam contrahit terram, Cic. N. D. 2, 40, 102.

— Of things: haec tristitia temporum, this sad state of the times, Cic. Att. 12, 40, 3: caeli, Plin. 2, 6, 4, § 13: indurata soli, id. 18, 21, 50, § 184: aspectus, id. 9, 9, 11, § 34: lenitate verbi rei tristitiam mitigare, hardness, harshness, Cic. Off. 1, 12, 37.

— In partic., of demeanor, moroseness, sourness, gloominess, harshness, sternness, severity, etc. (syn. severitas): an nova tristitiae causa puella tuae? Prop. 1, 18, 10: simque ego tristitiae causa modusque tuae, Ov. H. 3, 90: (risus) tristitiam ac severitatem mitigat, relaxat, Cic. de Or. 2, 58, 236; cf. id. Lael. 18, 66: illorum (philosophorum) tristitiam atque asperitatem fugiens, id. Fin. 4, 28, 79: quod ille vos tristitiā vultuque deceperit, id. Prov. Cons. 5, 12; so Quint. Inst. prooem. § 15: non conveniant barbae illi atque tristitiae, id. ib. 11, 1, 34; Plin. Ep. 1, 10, 7; 8, 21, 1; Suet. Ner. 23; Sil. 8, 612.
 
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