Definition of tractum
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Orthography ID = 2060270
1.
LNS
tractum, tractī
tractus
noun (n., 2nd declension)
  1. any thing drawn out at length
  2. A flock of wool
  3. A long piece of dough
Abbreviations
traho, xi, ctum, 3 (inf. perf. sync. traxe, Verg. A. 5, 786), v. a. cf. Sanscr. trankh, trakh, to move; Gr. τρέχω, to run, to draw, drag, or haul, to drag along; to draw off, forth, or away, etc. (syn.: tracto, rapio, rapto, duco). Lit. In gen.: Amphitruonem collo, Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 72: cum a custodibus in fugā trinis catenis vinctus traheretur, Caes. B. G. 1, 53: trahebatur passis Priameia virgo Crinibus a templo Cassandra, Verg. A. 2, 403: corpus tractum et laniatum abjecit in mare, Cic. Phil. 11, 2, 5: materiam (malagmata), Cels. 4, 7: bilem, Plin. 25, 5, 22, § 54: vapor porro trahit aera secum, Lucr. 3, 233: limum harenamque et saxa ingentia fluctus trahunt, Sall. J. 78, 3: Charybdis naves ad litora trahit, id. Fragm. ap. Serv. Verg. A. 3, 425; cf.: Scyllam naves in saxa trahentem, Verg. l. l.: (haematiten) trahere in se argentum, aes, ferrum, Plin. 36, 20, 38, § 146: Gy. Amiculum hoc sustolle saltem. Si. Sine trahi, cum egomet trahor, let it drag or trail, Plaut. Cist. 1, 1, 117; cf.: tragula ab eo, quod trahitur per terram, Varr. L. L. 5, § 139 Mull.: sarcinas, Sen. Ep. 44, 6: vestem per pulpita, Hor. A. P. 215: plaustra per altos montes cervice (boves), Verg. G. 3, 536: siccas machinae carinas, Hor. C. 1, 4, 2: genua aegra, Verg. A. 5, 468: trahantur per me pedibus omnes rei, Cic. Fam. 7, 32, 2; cf.: aliquem ad praetorem, Plaut. Poen. 3, 5, 45: praecipitem in pistrinum, id. Ps. 1, 5, 79: Hectorem circum sua Pergama, to drag, trail, Ov. M. 12, 591.

— Of a train of soldiers, attendants, etc.: Scipio gravem jam spoliis multarum urbium exercitum trahens, Liv. 30, 9, 10: ingentem secum occurrentium prosequentiumque trahentes turbam, id. 45, 2, 3; 6, 3, 4; cf.: sacra manu victosque deos parvumque nepotem Ipse trahit, Verg. A. 2, 321: secum legionem, Val. Max. 3, 2, 20: feminae pleraeque parvos trahentes liberos, ibant, Curt. 3, 13, 12; 5, 5, 15: uxor, quam comitem trahebat, id. 8, 3, 2: folium secum, Val. Max. 4, 3, 12: cum privato comitatu quem semper secum trahere moris fuit, Vell. 2, 40, 3: magnam manum Thracum secum, id. 2, 112, 4.

— In partic. To draw out, pull out, extract, withdraw: trahens haerentia viscere tela, drawing out, extracting, Ov. M. 6, 290: ferrum e vulnere, id. ib. 4, 120: e corpore ferrum, id. F. 5, 399: de corpore telum, id. M. 5, 95; cf.: gladium de visceribus, Mart. 1, 14, 2: manu lignum, Ov. M. 12, 371; cf.: te quoque, Luna, traho (i. e. de caelo), draw down, id. ib. 7, 207: captum Jovem Caelo trahit, Sen. Oct. 810.

— To draw together, bring together, contract, wrinkle: at coria et carnem trahit et conducit in unum, Lucr. 6, 968: in manibus vero nervi trahere, id. 6, 1190: vultum rugasque coegit, Ov. Am. 2, 2, 33.

— Of fluids, etc., to draw in, take in, quaff; draw, draw up: si pocula arente fauce traxerim, had drawn in, i. e. quaffed, Hor. Epod. 14, 4; cf. Ov. M. 15, 330: aquas, Luc. 7, 822: venena ore, id. 9, 934: ubera, id. 3, 351 al.: ex puteis jugibus aquam calidam trahi (videmus), Cic. N. D. 2, 9, 25: navigium aquam trahit, draws or lets in water, leaks, Sen. Ira, 2, 10, 5; cf.: sanguinem jumento de cervice, to draw, let, Veg. Vet. 3, 43.

—Of smelling: odorem naribus, Phaedr. 3, 1, 4.

—Of drawing in the breath, inhaling: auras ore, Ov. M. 2, 230: animam, Plin. 11, 3, 2, § 6; cf.: Servilius exiguā in spe trahebat animam, Liv. 3, 6, 8: spiritum, to draw breath, Col. 6, 9, 3; Sen. Ira, 3, 43, 4; Cels. 4, 4; Curt. 3, 6, 10: spiritum extremum, Phaedr. 1, 21, 4: penitus suspiria, to heave sighs, to sigh, Ov. M. 2, 753: vocem imo a pectore, Verg. A. 1, 371.

— To take on, assume, acquire, get: Iris Mille trahens varios adverso sole colores, Verg. A. 4, 701: squamam cutis durata trahebat, Ov. M. 3, 675: colorem, id. ib. 2, 236; 14, 393: ruborem, id. ib. 3, 482; 10, 595: calorem, id. ib. 11, 305: lapidis figuram, id. ib. 3, 399: maturitatem, Col. 1, 6, 20: sucum, id. 11, 3, 60: robiginem, Plin. 36, 18, 30, § 136.

— To drag away violently, to carry off, plunder, = ἄγειν καὶ φέρειν: cetera rape, trahe, Plaut. Trin. 2, 2, 12: rapere omnes, trahere, Sall. C. 11, 4: quibus non humana ulla neque divina obstant, quin ... in opes potentisque trahant exscindant, id. H. 4, 61, 17 Dietsch: sibi quisque ducere, trahere, rapere, id. J. 41, 5: de aliquo trahere spolia, Cic. Balb. 23, 54: praedam ex agris, Liv. 25, 14, 11: tantum jam praedae hostes trahere, ut, etc., id. 10, 20, 3; cf.: pastor cum traheret per freta navibus Idaeis Helenen, Hor. C. 1, 15, 1.

— Trahere pecuniam (for distrahere), to make away with, to dissipate, squander: omnibus modis pecuniam trahunt, vexant, Sall. C. 20, 12.

— Of drugs, etc., to purge, rcmove, clear away: bilem ex alvo, Plin. 25, 5, 22, § 54; 26, 8, 42, § 69: pituitam, id. 21, 23, 94, § 166: cruditates, pituitas, bilem, id. 32, 9, 31, § 95.

— Trahere lanam, vellera, etc., to draw out lengthwise, i. e. to spin, manufacture: manibus trahere lanam, Varr. ap. Non. 545, 12: lanam, Juv. 2, 54: vellera digitis, Ov. M. 14, 265: data pensa, id. ib. 13, 511; id. H. 3, 75: Laconicas purpuras, Hor. C. 2, 18, 8.

— Trop., In gen. To draw, draw along; to attract, allure, influence, etc.: trahimur omnes studio laudis et optimus quisque maxime gloriā ducitur, Cic. Arch. 11, 26; cf.: omnes trahimur et ducimur ad cognitionis et scientiae cupiditatem, id. Off. 1, 6, 18: allicere delectatione et viribus trahere, Quint. 5, 14, 29: trahit sua quemque voluptas, Verg. E. 2, 65: aliquem in aliam partem, to bring or gain over, Cic. Fam. 10, 4, 2; so, Drusum in partes, Tac. A. 4, 60: civitatem ad regem, Liv. 42, 44, 3: aliquem in suam sententiam, id. 5, 25, 1; cf. also: rem ad Poenos, id. 24, 2, 8; 23, 8, 2: res ad Philippum, id. 32, 19, 2: ni ea res longius nos ab incepto traheret, draw off, divert, Sall. C. 7, 7.

— To drag, lead, bring: plures secum in eandem calamitatem, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 7, 19: Lucanos ad defectionem, Liv. 25, 16, 6: quo fata trahunt retrahuntque, sequamur, Verg. A. 5, 709: ducunt volentem fata, nolentem trahunt, Cleanth. ap. Sen. Ep. 107, 11.

— To draw to, i. e. appropriate, refer, ascribe, set down to, etc.: atque egomet me adeo cum illis una ibidem traho, Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 166: St. Quid quod dedisti scortis? Le. Ibidem una traho, id. ib. 2, 4, 10: hi numero avium regnum trahebant, drew to their side, laid claim to, claimed, Liv. 1, 7, 1; cf.: qui captae decus Nolae ad consulem trahunt, id. 9, 28, 6: omnia non bene consulta in virtutem trahebantur, were set down to, referred, attributed, Sall. J. 92, 2: ornatum ipsius (ducis) in superbiam, Tac. H. 2, 20: cuncta Germanici in deterius, id. A. 1, 62 fin.: fortuita ad culpam, id. ib. 4, 64: id ad clementiam, id. ib. 12, 52; cf.: aliquid in religionem, Liv. 5, 23, 6: cur abstinuerit spectaculo ipse, varie trahebant, Tac. A. 1, 76 fin.: in se crimen, Ov. M. 10, 68: spinas Traxit in exemplum, adopted, id. ib. 8, 245.

— To drag, distract, etc.: quae meum animum divorse trahunt, Ter. And. 1, 5, 25: trahi in aliam partem mente atque animo, Caes. B. C. 1, 21: Vologeses diversas ad curas trahebatur, Tac. A. 15, 1.

— To weigh, ponder, consider: belli atque pacis rationes trahere, Sall. J. 97, 2; cf. id. ib. 84, 4: trahere consilium, to form a decision or determination, id. ib. 98, 3.

— To get, obtain, derive: qui majorem ex pernicie et peste rei publicae molestiam traxerit, who has derived, i. e. has received, suffered, Cic. Fam. 4, 3, 1: qui cognomen ex contumeliā traxerit, id. Phil. 3, 6, 16: nomen e causis, Plin. 15, 14, 15, § 51: inde nomen, id. 36, 20, 38, § 146: nomen ab illis, Ov. M. 4, 291: originem ab aliquo, to derive, deduce, Plin. 5, 24, 21, § 86; 6, 28, 32, § 157: scio ab isto initio tractum esse sermonem, i. e. has arisen, Cic. Brut. 6, 21: facetiae, quae multum ex vero traxere, drew, i. e. they were founded largely on truth, Tac. A. 15, 68; cf.: multum ex moribus (Sarmatarum) traxisse, id. G. 46, 2.

— Of time, to protract, drag out, linger: afflictus vitam in tenebris luctuque trahebam, Verg. A. 2, 92; so, vitam, Phaedr. 3, 7, 12; 4, 5, 37; Plin. 28, 1, 2, § 9: traherent cum sera crepuscula noctem, was bringing on the night, Ov. M. 1, 219: verba, to drag, i. e. to utter with difficulty, Sil. 8, 79.

— To draw out, in respect of time; to extend, prolong, lengthen; to protract, put off, delay, retard (cf.: prolato, extendo): sin trahitur bellum, Cic. Att. 10, 8, 2; cf. Liv. 5, 10, 7; Sall. J. 23, 2: trahere omnia, to interpose delays of all kinds, id. ib. 36, 2; Ov. M. 12, 584: pugnam aliquamdiu, Liv. 25, 15, 14: dum hoc naturae Corpus ... manebit incolume, comitem aevi sui laudem Ciceronis trahet, Vell. 2, 66, 5: obsidionem in longius, Quint. 1, 10, 48; cf.: rem de industriā in serum, Liv. 32, 35, 4: omnia, id. 32, 36, 2: jurgiis trahere tempus, id. 32, 27, 1: tempus, Auct. B. Alex. 38, 2: moram ficto languore, Ov. M. 9, 767: (legati) querentes, trahi se a Caesare, that they were put off, delayed, Suet. Tib. 31 fin.; so, aliquem sermone, quousque, etc., Val. Max. 4, 4, 1: Marius multis diebus et laboribus consumptis anxius trahere cum animo suo, omitteretne inceptum, Sall. J. 93, 1.

— Rarely neutr., to drag along, to last, endure. si quis etiam in eo morbo diutius traxit, Cels. 2, 8 med.: decem annos traxit ista dominatio, Flor. 4, 2, 12.

—Hence, tractus, a, um, P. a., drawn on, i. e. proceeding continuously, flowing, fluent, of language: genus orationis fusum atque tractum, Cic. de Or. 2, 15, 64: in his (contione et hortatione) tracta quaedam et fluens expetitur, id. Or. 20, 66.

— Subst.: tractum, i, n., any thing drawn out at length. A flock of wool drawn out for spinning: tracta de niveo vellere dente, Tib. 1, 6, 80.

— A long piece of dough pulled out in making pastry, Cato, R. R. 76, 1; 76, 4; Apic. 2, 1; 4, 3; 5, 1 al.

—Called also tracta, ae, f., Plin. 18, 11, 27, § 106.
 
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