Definition of Theba
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Orthography ID = 2059425
1.
LNS
Thēba, Thēbae
Thebae, Thebe
Θῆβαι
Mostly Plural
noun (f., 1st declension)
  1. Thebes, the name of several cities of antiquity
  2. The city of the hundred gates, in Upper Egypt
  3. Karnak
Abbreviations
Thēbae, ārum (collat. form Thēbē, ēs, Juv. 15, 6; Plin. 5, 9, 11, § 60), f., = Θῆβαι (or Θήβη), Thebes, the name of several cities of antiquity.

—The most considerable were, The city of the hundred gates, in Upper Egypt, now Karnak, etc., Mel. 1, 9, 9; Plin. 5, 9, 11, § 60; 36, 7, 11, § 58; 36, 8, 12, § 60; 36, 13, 20, § 94 al.

—Hence, Thēbae-us, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Thebes, Theban: mons, in the Thebaid, Claud. Idyll. 1, 91.

— Thēbāicus, a, um, adj., Theban: palmae, Plin. 23, 4, 51, § 97; called also simply Thebaicae, Stat. S. 4, 9, 26: triticum, Plin. 18, 7, 12, § 68: lapis, id. 36, 8, 13, § 63; 36, 22, 43, § 157: harena, id. 36, 6, 9, § 53: marmor, Spart. Nigr. 12.

— Thē-bāis, idis, f. (sc. terra), the Thebaid, the capital of which was Thebes, Plin. 5, 9, 9, § 48; 12, 21, 46, § 100; 13, 4, 9, § 47 al. et saep.

— The chief city of Baeotia, one of the most ancient cities in Greece, founded by Cadmus, now Thive, Mel. 2, 3, 4; Plin. 4, 7, 12, § 25; 5, 19, 17, § 76; 7, 29, 30, § 109; Varr. R. R. 3, 1, 2; Cic. Inv. 1, 50, 93; Hor. C. 1, 7, 3; 4, 4, 64; id. Ep. 1, 16, 74.

—Hence, Thēbānus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Thebes, Theban: Semele, Hor. C. 1, 19, 2: deus, i. e. Hercules, Prop. 3, 18 (4, 17), 6: urbs, i. e. Thebes, Hor. A. P. 394: duces, i. e. Eteocles and Polynices, Prop. 2, 9, 50; called also, Thebani fratres, Luc. 4, 551: soror, their sister Antigone, Ov. Tr. 3, 3, 67: mater, i. e. Niobe, Stat. Th. 1, 711: modi, i. e. Pindaric, Hor. Ep. 1, 3, 13: aenigma, i. e. of the Theban Sphinx, Mart. 1, 91, 9 et saep.

—Plur. subst.: Thēbāni, ōrum, m., the innabitants of Thebes, the Thebans, Cic. Fat. 4, 7; id. Rep. 4, 4.

— Thēbais, idis, adj. f., Theban: chelys, i. e. of Amphion the Theban, Stat. S. 2, 2, 60: hospes, Sen. Agam. 315.

—Substt. Thēbaides, um, f., the women of Thebes, Ov. M. 6, 163.

— Thēbais, idis, f. Sc. terra, the district of Thebes, in Upper Egypt, Plin. 5, 9, 9, § 48; 12, 21, 46, § 100; 13, 4, 9, § 47 sq.

— Sc. femina, a Theban woman, Ov. M. 6, 163; id. A. A. 3, 778.

— Sc. Musa, the song of Thebes (in Baeotia), the name of a poem by Statius, Stat. S. 3, 5, 36; id. Th. 12, 812; Juv. 7, 83.

— A city in Mysia, destroyed by Achilles, Ov. M. 12, 110; 13, 173; Mel. 1, 18, 2.

— A city in Cilicia, Plin. 5, 27, 22, § 92.

—Hence, Thēbāna, ae, f., the Theban dame, i. e. Andromache, the daughter of Eetion, king of Thebes in Mysia, Ov. Tr. 4, 3, 29.
 
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