Definition of nudus
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Orthography ID = 2039025
1.
LNS
nūdus, nūda, nūdum
for nugdus; root nag, nig, to make bare; Sanscr. nagna, naked; cf. Germ. nackt; Eng. naked
adjective (2-1-2)
  1. naked, bare, unclothed, uncovered, exposed
  2. without the toga, in one's tunic
  3. Unarmed, unprotected
  4. Stripped, spoiled, vacant, void, deprived, destitute of, without
  5. Poor, needy, destitute, forlorn
  6. bare, mere, pure, simple, sole, alone, only
Abbreviations
nūdus, a, um, adj. for nugdus; root nag-, nig-, to make bare; Sanscr. nagna, naked; cf. Germ. nackt; Eng. naked, naked, bare, unclothed, uncovered, exposed. Lit. In gen.: membra nuda dabant terrae, Lucr. 5, 970 Lachm. N. cr. (not nudabant): tamquam nudus nuces legeret, in ventrem abstulisse, Cic. de Or. 2, 66, 265: nudus membra Pyracmon, Verg. A. 8, 425: nuda pedem, Ov. M. 7, 183: capite nudo, bareheaded, Sall. J. 94, 1: pedibus nudis, Hor. S. 1, 8, 24: costae nudae tegmine, Sil. 5, 449.

—Esp., without the toga, in one's tunic: nudus ara, sere nudus, Verg. G. 1, 299; Petr. 92; Aur. Vict. Vir. Illustr. 17; cf. Drak. ad Liv. 3, 26, 9.

—Unarmed, unprotected: in maximo metu nudum et caecum corpus ad hostes vortere, his defenceless back, Sall. J. 107, 1; Liv. 5, 45, 3.

—Prov.: vestimenta detrahere nudo, i. e. to get something out of one who has nothing, or to draw blood from a stone, Plaut. As. 1, 1, 79.

—Of things: silex nuda, not covered with turf, Verg. E. 1, 15: ensis, id. A. 12, 306: sedit humo nudā, Ov. M. 4, 261: et quodcumque jacet nudā tellure cadaver, on the bare ground, unburied, Luc. 6, 550; so of unburied bodies, id. 8, 434; Stat. Th. 8, 73: nudum nemus, leafless, Sen. Herc. Oet. 281.

— With gen.: loca nuda gignentium, bare of vegetation, Sall. J. 79, 6: nudus Arboris Othrys, Ov. M. 12, 512.

— In partic. Stripped, spoiled, vacant, void, deprived, or destitute of, without. With abl.: urbs nuda praesidio, Cic. Att. 7, 13, 1: praesidiis, Liv. 29, 4, 7: nudus agris, nudus nummis, Hor. S. 2, 3, 184: nudum remigio latus, id. C. 1, 14, 4; Sil. 16, 46.

— With ab: Messana ab his rebus sane vacua atque nuda est, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 2, § 3.

— With gen.: mors famae nuda, Sil. 4, 608.

— Absol.: heri quod homines quattuor In soporem conlocāstis nudos, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 147: partem istam subselliorum nudam atque inanem reliquerunt, Cic. Cat. 1, 7, 16.

— Poor, needy, destitute, forlorn: quem tu semper nudum esse voluisti, Cic. Fl. 21, 51: senecta, Ov. H. 9, 154: senectus, Juv. 7, 35: quis tam nudus, ut, etc., id. 5, 163: sine amicis, sine hospitibus, plane nudum esse ac desertum, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 66, § 148.

— Transf. In gen., bare, mere, pure, simple, sole, alone, only: nuda ista si ponas, judicari qualia sint non facile possim, Cic. Par. 3, 2, 24: ira Caesaris, Ov. Tr. 3, 11, 17: locorum nuda nomina, Plin. 3, praef. § 2: virtus nudo homine contenta est, Sen. Ben. 3, 18, 2: nuda rerum cognitio, Plin. Ep. 5, 8, 4: nuda virtus, Petr. 88: nudā manu captare fontem, i. e. without a cup, Sen. Hippol. alt. 519.

—So freq. in jurid. Lat.: nudo animo adipisci quidem possessionem non possumus: retinere tamen nudo animo possumus, Paul. Sent. 5, tit. 2: etiam nudus consensus sufficit obligationi, Dig. 44, 7, 51; Gai. Inst. 3, 154.

— Esp., in phrases. Nudum pactum, a bare agreement, i. e. a contract without consideration: ex nudo enim pacto inter cives Romanos actio non nascitur, Paul. Sent. 2, 14, 1.

— Nudum jus, an unexecuted right: qui nudum jus Quiritium in servo habet, is potestatem habere non intellegitur, Gai. Inst. 1, 54; 3, 166.

— In partic. Simple, unadorned: Commentarii (Caesaris) nudi sunt, recti et venusti, omni ornatu orationis tamquam veste detractā, Cic. Brut. 75, 262: brevitas nuda atque inornata, id. de Or. 2, 84, 341: quoniam dicendi facultas non debeat esse jejuna atque nuda, id. ib. 1, 50, 218: nuda et velut incompta oratio, Quint. 8, 6, 41; cf. id. 2, 4, 3; Ov. A. A. 3, 747: sedit humo nudā, nudis incompta capillis, Ov. M. 4, 261.

— Undisguised, unadorned, not veiled or obscured: veritas, Hor. C. 1, 24, 7: nudissima veritas, Cael. Aur. Chron. 1, 5, 176: simplex ac nuda veritas, Lact. 3, 1, 3: nuda verba, unveiled, i. e. obscene words, Plin. Ep. 4, 14, 4.

—Hence, adv.: nūdē, nakedly, simply (post-class.): aliquid tradere breviter ac nude, Lact. 3, 1, 11.
 
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