Definition of nitens
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Orthography ID = 2038592
1.
LNS
nitens, nitentis
niteo
adjective (3rd 1-termination)
  1. P. a., shining, glittering, glistening, brilliant, bright
  2. sleek, fat
  3. shining, bright, beautiful
  4. blooming
  5. Illustrious
  6. brilliant, elegant
Abbreviations
niteo, ēre (gen. plur nitentūm, Verg. Cir. 523), v. n. etym. dub.; cf. nix, to shine, look bright, glitter, glisten (cf., luceo, fulgeo splendeo). Lit.: placatumque nitet diffuso lumine caelum, Lucr. 1, 9: luna potest solis radiis percussa nitere, id. 5, 705: qui nitent unguentis, fulgent purpurā, Cic. Cat. 2, 3, 5: diversi niteant cum mille colores, Ov. M. 6, 65: vere nitent terrae, id. F. 4, 126: aera nitent usu, id. Am. 1, 8, 51; so, ebur, Tib. 1, 4, 64; Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 19; Mart. 9, 58, 6; 8, 6, 10 et saep.

— Transf. Of animals, to be sleek, in good condition: at hau pol nitent (oves), Plaut. Bacch. 5, 2, 6: unde sic quaeso nites? Phaedr. 3, 7, 4; Plin. 18, 5, 6, § 27; cf.: hic nitet ungula mulae, Juv. 7, 181.

— Of persons, to shine, to look bright or beautiful: miseri quibus Intentata nites! ( = pulchra et amabilis videris), Hor. C. 1, 5, 12: ore nitet, Mart. 10, 89, 3: nitet ante alias regina comesque Pelides, Stat. Achill. 2, 148: murice tincta Veste nites, Mart. 5, 23, 6.

— Of fields, plants, etc., to look flourishing, thriving, to thrive, etc.: camposque nitentes Desuper ostentat, Verg. A. 6, 677: ubi tellus nitet, Petr. 99; cf. Plin. 17, 4, 3, § 26.

— Of a house: tibi hoc praecipio ut niteant aedes, be in complete order, Plaut. Ps. 1, 2, 281.

— Of wealth, etc., to flourish, abound: vectigal in pace niteat, Cic. Agr. 1, 7, 21: res ubi magna nitet domino sene, Hor. S. 2, 5, 12.

— Trop., to shine, be brilliant, look or be beautiful: ver vide; ut tota floret, ut olet, ut nitide nitet, Plaut. Truc. 2, 4, 3: illorum, vides, quam niteat oratio, Cic. Fin. 4, 3, 5; so, ubi plura nitent in carmine, Hor. A. P. 351: omnia nobilibus oppidis ni tent, Plin. 3, 5, 7, § 49.

Hence, nitens, entis, P. a., shining, glittering, glistening, brilliant, bright. Lit.: capilli malobathro, Hor. C. 2, 7, 7: mensae, id. S. 2, 2, 4: oculi, Verg. A. 1, 228: astra, Ov. F. 5, 543: Lucifer, Tib. 1, 3, 93: nitentes solis equi, Val. Fl. 5, 413: arma nitentia ante rem, deformia inter sanguinem, etc., Liv. 9, 40, 5.

— Transf. Of animals, sleek, fat: nitens taurus, Verg. A. 3, 20.

— Of persons, shining, bright, beautiful: uxor ore floridulo nitens, Cat. 61, 189: desiderio meo nitenti, my darling bright, id. 2, 5.

—Comp.: nitentior femina, Ov. M. 12, 405 (Merkel, decentior).

— Of plants, blooming: nitentia culta, Verg. G. 1, 153: arbor laeta et nitens, Gell. 12, 1, 16.

—Comp.: Tyrio nitentior ostro flos oritur, Ov. M. 10, 211.

— Trop. Illustrious: recenti gloriā nitens, Liv. 3, 12: non patre nitens linguāve, Sil. 6, 19.

— Of speech, brilliant, elegant: oratio, Cic. Brut. 67, 238.

— Of the mind, bright, clear: macte, oro, nitenti Ingenio, Stat. S. 1, 5, 63.
 
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