Definition of niteo
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Orthography ID = 2038591
1.
LNS
niteō, nitēre, -, -
etym. dub.; cf. nix
verb (2nd conjugation)
  1. to shine, look bright, glitter, glisten
  2. to be sleek, in good condition
  3. to shine, to look bright or beautiful
  4. to look flourishing, thriving, to thrive
  5. to flourish, abound
  6. to shine, be brilliant, look or be beautiful
Abbreviations
niteo, ēre (gen. plur nitentūm, Verg. Cir. 523), v. n. etym. dub.; cf. nix, to shine, look bright, glitter, glisten (cf., luceo, fulgeo splendeo). Lit.: placatumque nitet diffuso lumine caelum, Lucr. 1, 9: luna potest solis radiis percussa nitere, id. 5, 705: qui nitent unguentis, fulgent purpurā, Cic. Cat. 2, 3, 5: diversi niteant cum mille colores, Ov. M. 6, 65: vere nitent terrae, id. F. 4, 126: aera nitent usu, id. Am. 1, 8, 51; so, ebur, Tib. 1, 4, 64; Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 19; Mart. 9, 58, 6; 8, 6, 10 et saep.

— Transf. Of animals, to be sleek, in good condition: at hau pol nitent (oves), Plaut. Bacch. 5, 2, 6: unde sic quaeso nites? Phaedr. 3, 7, 4; Plin. 18, 5, 6, § 27; cf.: hic nitet ungula mulae, Juv. 7, 181.

— Of persons, to shine, to look bright or beautiful: miseri quibus Intentata nites! ( = pulchra et amabilis videris), Hor. C. 1, 5, 12: ore nitet, Mart. 10, 89, 3: nitet ante alias regina comesque Pelides, Stat. Achill. 2, 148: murice tincta Veste nites, Mart. 5, 23, 6.

— Of fields, plants, etc., to look flourishing, thriving, to thrive, etc.: camposque nitentes Desuper ostentat, Verg. A. 6, 677: ubi tellus nitet, Petr. 99; cf. Plin. 17, 4, 3, § 26.

— Of a house: tibi hoc praecipio ut niteant aedes, be in complete order, Plaut. Ps. 1, 2, 281.

— Of wealth, etc., to flourish, abound: vectigal in pace niteat, Cic. Agr. 1, 7, 21: res ubi magna nitet domino sene, Hor. S. 2, 5, 12.

— Trop., to shine, be brilliant, look or be beautiful: ver vide; ut tota floret, ut olet, ut nitide nitet, Plaut. Truc. 2, 4, 3: illorum, vides, quam niteat oratio, Cic. Fin. 4, 3, 5; so, ubi plura nitent in carmine, Hor. A. P. 351: omnia nobilibus oppidis ni tent, Plin. 3, 5, 7, § 49.

—Hence, nitens, entis, P. a., shining, glittering, glistening, brilliant, bright. Lit.: capilli malobathro, Hor. C. 2, 7, 7: mensae, id. S. 2, 2, 4: oculi, Verg. A. 1, 228: astra, Ov. F. 5, 543: Lucifer, Tib. 1, 3, 93: nitentes solis equi, Val. Fl. 5, 413: arma nitentia ante rem, deformia inter sanguinem, etc., Liv. 9, 40, 5.

— Transf. Of animals, sleek, fat: nitens taurus, Verg. A. 3, 20.

— Of persons, shining, bright, beautiful: uxor ore floridulo nitens, Cat. 61, 189: desiderio meo nitenti, my darling bright, id. 2, 5.

—Comp.: nitentior femina, Ov. M. 12, 405 (Merkel, decentior).

— Of plants, blooming: nitentia culta, Verg. G. 1, 153: arbor laeta et nitens, Gell. 12, 1, 16.

—Comp.: Tyrio nitentior ostro flos oritur, Ov. M. 10, 211.

— Trop. Illustrious: recenti gloriā nitens, Liv. 3, 12: non patre nitens linguāve, Sil. 6, 19.

— Of speech, brilliant, elegant: oratio, Cic. Brut. 67, 238.

— Of the mind, bright, clear: macte, oro, nitenti Ingenio, Stat. S. 1, 5, 63.
 
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