Definition of nefastum
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Orthography ID = 2038102
1.
LNS
nefastum, nefastī
nefastus
noun (n., 2nd declension)
  1. a wicked deed, abomination, profanity
Abbreviations
nefastus, a, um, adj. nefas. Lit. (opp. to fastus): dies nefasti, days on which judgment could not be pronounced or assemblies of the people be held: fastis diebus jura fari licebat, nefastis quaedam non licebat fari, Paul. ex Fest. p. 93 Mull.: nefasti dies notantur N littera, quod iis nefas est praetori, apud quem lege agitur, fari tria verba: do, dico, addico, Paul. ex Fest. p. 165 Mull.; v. 1. fastus: ille (Numa) nefastos dies fastosque fecit, quia aliquando nihil cum populo agi, utile futurum erat, Liv. 1, 19, 7; Varr. L. L. 6, 4, 30; Ov. F. 1, 47; Gai. Inst. 4, 29.

— Transf. For nefas, contrary to the sacred rites or to religion; irreligious, impious: QVAE AVGVR INIVSTA, NEFASTA, DEFIXERIT, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Cic. Leg. 2, 8 fin.: prolibare dis nefastum habetur, etc., Plin. 14, 19, 23, § 119.

— In gen., wicked, profane, abandoned: homines ad hanc rem idonei; nam istorum nullus nefastust, Plaut. Poen. 3, 2, 7.

—Esp., subst.: nefastum, i, n. (sc. crimen), a wicked deed, abomination, profanity (poet. and in post - Aug. prose): quid intactum nefasti Liquimus? profane, criminal, Hor. C. 1, 35, 35; Plin. 4, 11, 18, § 47.

— Unlucky, inauspicious = funestus, ater (not anteAug.): ille et nefasto te posuit die, etc., Hor. C. 2, 13, 1: cum diem natalem ejus (Agrippinae) inter nefastos referendum suasisset, Suet. Tib. 53; Tac. A. 14, 12 init.: ne qua terra sit nefasta victoriae suae, Liv. 6, 28, 8: Acheron, Stat. Th. 4, 456: loca, id. ib. 1, 273: religiosi dies dicuntur tristi omine infames ... quos multitudo imperitorum prave et perperam nefastos appellat, Gell. 4, 9, 5.

— Hurtful, injurious: innocentiorem tamen esse marem (fruticem); eaque causa est ne inter nefastos frutex damnetur, Plin. 20, 11, 44, § 114.
 
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