Definition of natura
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Orthography ID = 2037869
1.
LNS
nātūra, nātūrae
nascor
noun (f., 1st declension)
  1. birth
  2. The nature, the natural constitution, property, quality
  3. nature, natural disposition, inclination, bent, temper, character
  4. The nature, course, order
  5. Nature, the world, the universe
  6. Nature, consistency with nature, possibility
Abbreviations
nātūra, ae, f. nascor, birth. Lit. (very rare): naturā tu illi pater es, consiliis ego, Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 46; cf.: naturā pater, id. ib. 5, 7, 4.

— Transf. (freq. and class.; syn.: indoles, ingenium). The nature, i. e. the natural constitution, property, or quality of a thing: quod autem animal est, id motu cietur interiore et suo: nam haec est natura propria animae et vis, Cic. Rep. 6, 26, 28: ipsumque per se sua vi, sua natura, sua sponte laudabile, id. Fin. 2, 15, 50: ab ipsa natura loci, id. Agr. 2, 35, 95: quali esset natura montis, qui cognoscerent misit, Caes. B. G. 1, 21: loci, id. ib. 1, 2: tigna secundum naturam fluminis procumberent, according to the nature or natural course of the river, Caes. B. G. 4, 17: insula naturā triquetra, by nature, i. e. in shape, id. ib. 5, 13: naturas apibus quas Juppiter ipse Addidit expediam, Verg. G. 4, 149.

— Of character, nature, natural disposition, inclination, bent, temper, character: cognitum per te ipsum, quae tua natura est, dignum tuā amicitiā judicabis, Cic. Fam. 13, 78, 2: prolixa beneficaque, id. ib. 3, 8, 8; Liv. 22, 59: mihi benefacere jam ex consuetudine in naturam vertit, has become natural, Sall. J. 85, 9.

—Prov.: consuetudo est secunda natura, August. adv. Jul. 5, 59 fin.; Macr. S. 7, 9, 7; cf.: voluptatem consuetudine quasi alteram naturam effici, Cic. Fin. 5, 25, 74: naturam expellas furcā, tamen usque recurret, Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 24: facere sibi naturam alicujus rei, to accustom one's self to a thing, Quint. 2, 4, 17: desideria naturae satiare, Cic. Fin. 2, 8, 25.

— The nature, course, or order of things: quod rerum natura non patitur, Cic. Ac. 2, 17, 55: delabi ad aequitatem et ad rerum naturam, id. Fam. 6, 10, 5: naturae satisfacere, i. e. to die, Cic. Clu. 10, 29; so, naturae concedere, Sall. J. 14, 15:

—Personified: quis vero opifex praeter naturam, quā nihil potest esse callidius, tantam sollertiam persequi potuisset in sensibus? quae primum oculos membranis tenuissimis vestivit, etc., Cic. N. D. 2, 57, 142: frui primis a natura datis, id. Fin. 2, 11, 34: homines rationem habent a naturā datam, id. ib. 2, 14, 45: et homini praecipui a naturā nihil datum esse dicemus, id. ib. 2, 33, 110: quae (membra corporum) ipsa declarant procreandi a naturā habitam esse rationem, id. ib. 3, 19, 62: omnis natura vult esse conservatrix sui, id. ib. 4, 7, 16; 5, 15, 41; 5, 20, 56: illam partem bene vivendi a natura petebant, eique parendum esse dicebant, id. Ac. 1, 5, 19.

— Nature, i. e. the world, the universe: Cleanthes totius naturae menti atque animo hoc nomen (dei) tribuit, Cic. N. D. 1, 14, 37.

— Nature, i. e. consistency with nature, possibility: in rerum naturā fuisse, Cic. Rab. Perd. 8, 24: hoc quoque in rerum naturam cadit, is a possible case, Quint. 2, 17, 32: judicatum est enim, rerum naturam non recipere, ut, etc., that it is not in accordance with nature, not possible, Val. Max. 8, 1, abs. 13:

— An element, thing, substance: Aristoteles quin tam quandam naturam censet esse, e qua sit mens, Cic. Tusc. 1, 10, 22: de naturis autem sic sentiebat; primum uti quattuor initiis rerum illis quintam hanc naturam ... non adhiberet, etc., id. Ac. 1, 11, 39: natura tenuis aeris, Lucr. 2, 232.

— The natural parts, organs of generation: cujus (Mercurii) obscenius excitata natura traditur, Cic. N. D. 3, 22, 55: quaedam matrona visa est in quiete obsignatam habere naturam, id. Div. 2, 70, 145; cf. Varr. R. R. 3, 12, 4; 2, 7, 8.
 
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