Definition of Lucania
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Orthography ID = 2033447
1.
LNS
Lūcānia, Lūcāniae
Lucanus
noun (f., 1st declension)
  1. the district of Lucania, in Lower Italy
Abbreviations
Lūcāni, ōrum, m., a people in Lower Italy, Varr. L. L. 7, § 39 Mull.; Liv. 8, 19 and 25; 9, 20 et saep.

—Transf., the territory inhabited by them, Caes. B. G. 1, 30; Liv. 8, 17, 9; Juv. 8, 180.

—Hence, Lū-cānus, a, um, adj., Lucanian: ager, Cic. Phil. 13, 5, 12; Plin. 3, 5, 10, § 71: montes, Liv. 8, 24: pascua, Hor. Epod. 1, 28: mare, Stat. S. 3, 2, 85: vinum, Varr. R. R. 1, 25; Plin. 14, 6, 8, § 69: legiones, Liv. 8, 24.

— Subst.: Lūcānus, i, m., a surname of the poet M. Annaeus, of Corduba, nephew of Seneca the philosopher, and author of the poem Pharsalia. He was condemned to death by Nero for participating in the conspiracy of Piso, Quint. 10, 1, 90; Mart. 1, 62, 7; 14, 194; Tac. A. 15, 49; Suet. Ner. 36; Juv. 7, 79.

Lūcānia, ae, f., the district of Lucania, in Lower Italy, Mel. 2, 4, 2; 9; Hor. S. 2, 1, 38; Cic. Tusc. 1, 37, 89.

— Lūcānicus, a, um, Lucanian; only as subst.: lūcānica, ae, f., a kind of meat sausage invented by the Lucanians: solebam antea delectari oleis et lucanicis tuis, Cic. Fam. 9, 16; Mart. 13, 35; Stat. S. 4, 9, 35. Called also lūcānicum and lūcānicus, Charis. p. 73 P.; and lūcā-na, acc. to Varr. L. L. 5, § 111 Mull.

— Lūca bōs, Lucanian cow, for elephant (because the Romans first saw this animal in Lucania, in the army of Pyrrhus), Varr. L. L. 7, 389, § 39 Mull.; Enn. ib.; Lucr. 5, 1302; 1339; Sil. 9, 573; Aus. Ep. 15, 12; Plin. 8, 6, 6, § 16.

—Prov.: prius pariet locusta Lucam bovem, of an impossible thing, Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 6, 3.
 
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