Definition of latus
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Orthography ID = 2032169
1.
LNS
latus, lateris
πλατύς, cf. Gr. πλατύς; Lat. later, Latium, plautus or plotus
noun (n., 3rd declension)
  1. the side, flank
  2. the lungs
  3. The side, flank, lateral surface
  4. the coast, seaboard
  5. the flank
  6. the body
Abbreviations
latus, eris, n. cf. Gr. πλατύς; Lat. later, Latium, plautus or plotus, the side, flank of men or animals. Lit.: ego vostra faciam latera lorea, Plaut. Mil. 2, 1, 2: quid conminatu's mihi? Con. Istud male factum arbitror, quia non latus fodi, id. Aul. 3, 2, 4: occidisse ex equo dicitur, et latus offendisse vehementer, Cic. Clu. 62, 175: cujus latus ille mucro petebat, id. Lig. 3, 9: laterique accommodat ensem, Verg. A. 2, 393; Quint. 2, 13, 12; 11, 3, 69; 118: laterum inclinatione forti ac virili, id. 1, 11, 18: vellere latus digitis, to twitch one by the side (in order to attract attention), Ov. A. A. 1, 606; cf.: si tetigit latus acrior, Juv. 7, 109: tum latus ei dicenti condoluisse ... dieque septimo est lateris dolore consumptus, pleurisy, Cic. de Or. 3, 2, 6; so, lateris dolor, Cato, R. R. 125; Cels. 2, 7; 8; Plin. 21, 21, 89, § 155: lateris vigili cum febre dolor, Juv. 13, 229; cf.: laterum dolor aut tussis, Hor. S. 1, 9, 32: artifices lateris, i. e. those who make skilful side movements or evolutions, ballet-dancers, Ov. A. A. 3, 351: latus tegere alicui, to walk by the side of one, Hor. S. 2, 5, 18: claudere alicui, Juv. 3, 131; and: mares inter se uxoresque contendunt, uter det latus illis (sc. pantomimis), Sen. Q. N. 7, 32, 3.

—Of animals: equorum, Lucr. 5, 1324: cujus (equi aenei) in lateribus fores essent, Cic. Off. 3, 9, 38.

— Of orators, the lungs: lateribus aut clamore contendere, Cic. de Or. 1, 60, 255: quae vox, quae latera, quae vires, etc., Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 30, § 67: ut lateris conatus sit ille, non capitis, Quint. 1, 11, 8; cf.: lateris pectorisve firmitas an capitis etiam plus adjuvet, id. 11, 3, 16; so id. 11, 3, 40: dum vox ac latus praeparetur, id. 10, 7, 2; 11, 3, 13: voce, latere, firmitate (constat orator), id. 12, 11, 2: neque enim ex te umquam es nobilitatus, sed ex lateribus et lacertis tuis, Cic. de Sen. 9, 27: cum legem Voconiam voce magna et bonis lateribus suasissem, id. ib. 5, 14: illa adhuc audaciora et majorum, ut Cicero existimat, laterum, Quint. 9, 1, 29.

— Poet., in mal. part., Lucil. ap. Non. 260, 30; Ov. H. 2, 58; 19, 138; Prop. 2, 2, 12: lateri parcere, Juv. 6, 37.

— Transf., in gen. The side, flank, lateral surface of a thing (opp. frons and tergum; v. h. vv.): collis ex utraque parte lateris dejectus habebat et in frontem leniter fastigatus paulatim ad planiciem redibat, on each side, Caes. B. G. 2, 8; cf. Plin. 17, 23, 35, § 202: terra angusta verticibus, lateribus latior, Cic. Rep. 6, 20, 21: latus unum castrorum, Caes. B. G. 2, 5: insula, cujus unum latus est contra Galliam, id. ib. 5, 13: et (Fibrenus) divisus aequaliter in duas partis latera haec (insulae) adluit, Cic. Leg. 2, 3, 6.

—Of a maritime country, the coast, seaboard: Illyricum, Juv. 8, 117: castelli, Sall. J. 93: tum prora avertit et undis Dat latus, the ship's side, Verg. A. 1, 105: ubi pulsarunt acres latera ardua fluctus, Ov. M. 11, 529: nudum remigio, Hor. C. 1, 14, 4; id. Epod. 10, 3: dextrum (domus), id. Ep. 1, 16, 6: mundi, id. C. 1, 22, 19: crystallus sexangulis nascitur lateribus, surfaces, Plin. 37, 2, 9, § 26.

—Of an army, the flank, Tac. Agr. 35: reliquos equites ad latera disponit, Caes. B. G. 6, 7: ex itinere nostros latere aperto aggressi, id. ib. 1, 25; cf. id. ib. 2, 23 fin.: ad latus apertum hostium constitui, id. ib. 4, 25: ne simul in frontem, simul in latera, pugnaretur, Tac. Agr. 35.

—So in fighting: latus dare, to expose one's side or flank to the adversary, Val. Fl. 4, 304 (v. II. A. infra).

— Esp. freq.: a (ab) latere, on or at the side or flank; a or ab lateribus, on or at the sides or flanks (opp. a fronte, in front, before, and a tergo, at the back, behind): a tergo, a fronte, a lateribus tenebitur, Cic. Phil. 3, 13, 32: a fronte atque ab utroque latere cratibus ac pluteis protegebat, Caes. B. C. 1, 25 fin.; id. B. G. 2, 25: ab omni latere securus, Amm. 16, 9, 3: ab latere aggredi, Liv. 27, 48: disjectos ab tergo aut lateribus circumveniebant, Sall. J. 50 fin.: ne quis inermibus militibus ab latere impetus fieri posset, Caes. B. G. 3, 29: Sulla profligatis iis, quos advorsum ierat, rediens ab latere Mauris incurrit, Sall. J. 101, 8: si ex hac causa unda prorumperet, a lateribus undae circumfunderentur, Sen. Q. N. 6, 6, 4: a lateribus, a fronte, quasi tria maria prospectat, Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 5.

— Less freq. with ex: latere ex utroque, Lucr. 2, 1049: ex lateribus aggredi aliquem, Sall. C. 60: tribus ex lateribus (locus) tegebatur, Hirt. B. Alex. 28, 4: ex alio latere cubiculum est politissimum, Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 10: omni ex latere armorum molibus urgeri, Amm. 19, 7, 7.

— With de: de latere ire, Lucr. 6, 117.

—Without prep.: alio latere, Tac. A. 3, 74.

— Poet. (pars pro toto), the body: penna latus vestit, tenet, Ov. M. 2, 376: nunc latus in fulvis niveum deponit harenis, id. ib. 2, 865; cf. id. ib. 3, 23; 14, 710: forte, Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 26: fessum longā militiā, id. C. 2, 7, 18: credidit tauro latus, id. ib. 3, 27, 26: liminis aut aquae Caelestis patiens latus, id. ib. 3, 10, 20.

— Trop. In gen.: in latera atque in terga incurrere, to attack the sides, i. e. the unguarded points, Quint. 9, 1, 20: aliena negotia centum Per caput et circa saliunt latus, encompass on every side, Hor. S. 2, 6, 34: ut a senis latere numquam discederem, never left his side, Cic. Lael. 1, 1; cf.: aliquem lateri alicujus adjungere, to attach to his side, i. e. to give him for a companion, Quint. 1, 2, 5; so, alicui latus dare, of a client, Sen. Q. N. 7, 32, 3 (cf. B. 1. infra): lateri adhaerere gravem dominum, hung about them, threatened them, Liv. 39, 25: Illyriorum rex, lateri ejus haerens, assiduis precibus promissa exigebat, Just. 29, 4, 8; cf.: Agathocles regis lateri junctus, civitatem regebat, id. 30, 2, 5: circumfusa turba lateri meo, Liv. 6, 15.

—Esp.: sacpe dabis nudum latus, expose, Tib. 1, 4, 52: la. tus imperii nudum, Flor. 3, 5, 4: nec adulatoribus latus praebeas, expose yourself, lay yourself open to, Sen. Q. N. 4 praef.: latere tecto abscedere, i. e safe, unharmed, Ter. Heaut. 4, 2, 5: hic fugit omnes Insidias nullique malo latus obdit apertum, Hor. S. 1, 3, 59: ex uno latere constat contractus, on one side, Dig. 19, 1, 13 fin.; so ib. 3, 5, 5: nulla ex utroque latere nascitur actio, ib. 3, 5, 6, § 4.

— In partic. To express intimacy, attachment: latus alicui cingere, to cling to, Liv. 32, 39, 8; esp. in the phrase: ab latere, at the side of, i. e. in intimate association with (rare, and perh. not ante-Aug.): ab latere tyranni: addit eos ab latere tyranni, Liv. 24, 5, 13; Curt. 3, 5, 15; cf.: ille tuum, Castrice, dulce latus, your constant associate, Mart. 6, 68, 4.

— Relationship, kindred, esp. collateral relationship (post-Aug.): quibus (liberis) videor a meo tuoque latere pronum ad honores iter relicturus, Plin. Ep. 8, 10, 3: sunt et ex lateribus cognati ut fratres sororesque, Dig. 38, 10, 10, § 8: ex latere uxorem ducere, ib. 23, 2, 68: latus omne divinae domus, Stat. S. 5 praef.: omnes personae cognatorum aut supra numerantur, aut infra, aut ex transverso, sive a latere ... a latere, fratres et sorores, liberique eorum; item parentium fratres et sorores liberique eorum, (Ulp.) de Grad. Cogn. 2 ap. Huschke, Jurisp. Antejust. p. 530.
 
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