Definition of Lares, Lases
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Orthography ID = 2031932
1.
LNS
Lares, Lares
(Lases, Lases)
old Lat. Lases; Etrusc. Laran, Lalan; root las; cf. lascivus
noun (m., indeclinable declension)
  1. tutelar deities, Lares
Abbreviations
Lares (old form ‡ Lases, Inscr. Fratr. Arval.; cf. Varr. L. L. 6, § 2 Mull.), um and ium (Larum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 49 Mull.; Cic. Rep. 5, 5, 7; id. N. D. 3, 25, 63; id. Leg. 2, 8, 19; Inscr. Orell. 961: Larium, Liv. 40, 52), m. old Lat. Lases; Etrusc. Laran, Lalan; root las-; cf. lascivus, tutelar deities, Lares, belonging orig. to the Etruscan religion, and worshipped especially as the presiders over and protectors of a particular locality (cf. Otfr. Mull. Etrusc. 2, p. 90 sq.): praestites, the tutelar deities of an entire city, Ov. F. 5, 129 sq.: mille Lares geniumque ducis, qui tradidit illos, urbs habet, id. ib. 5, 145: Puteolanae civitatis, Inscr. Orell. 1670: civitatum, Inscr. ap. Grut. p. 10, 2: vicorum, Arn. 3, 41: rurales, Inscr. ap. Grut. p. 251: compitales, of cross - roads, Suet. Aug. 31; called also Lares compitalicii, Philarg. ad Verg. G. 2, 381: viales, worshipped by the road-side, Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 24: permarini, tutelar deities of the sea, Liv. 40, 52: caelipotentes, Inscr. ap. Tert. de Spect. 5.

—Sing.: Lari viali, Inscr. Orell. 1762; 1894: eundem esse Genium et Larem, multi veteres memoriae prodiderunt, Censor. 3, 2.

— Most commonly the Lares (as familiares or domestici), the tutelar deities of a house, household gods, domestic Lares (whose images stood on the hearth in a little shrine, aedes, or in a small chapel, lararium); as the tutelar deities of each particular dwelling, also in sing.: Lar, Laris, m. In plur.: rem divinam facere Laribus familiaribus, Plaut. Rud. 5, 1, 17: sanctis Penatium deorum Larumque familiarium sedibus, Cic. Rep. 5, 5, 7; id. Quint. 27 fin.: ad aedem Larum, id. N. D. 3, 25, 63: immolet aequis porcum Laribus, Hor. S. 2, 3, 164: Laribus tuum Miscet numen, id. C. 4, 5, 34.

— In sing.: ego Lar sum familiaris, ex hac familia, Plaut. Aul. prol. 2: haec imponuntur in foco nostro dari, id. ib. 2, 8, 16: familiae Lar pater, alium Larem persequi, id. Merc. 5, 1, 5 sq.

— Meton., a hearth, dwelling, home (class.; usually in sing.): larem corona nostrum decorari volo, Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 1: relinquent larem familiarem suum? Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 11, § 27: ad suum larem familiarem redire, id. ib. 2, 3, 54, § 125: nobis larem familiarem nusquam ullum esse? Sall. C. 20: paternus, Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 51: patrius, id. S. 1, 2, 56; cf.: avitus apto Cum lare fundus, id. C. 1, 12, 43: gaudens lare certo, id. Ep. 1, 7, 58: parvo sub lare, id. C. 3, 29, 14: conductus, Mart. 11, 82, 2: deserere larem, to abandon one's home, Ov. F. 1, 478: pelli lare, to be driven from a place, id. ib. 6, 362: alumnus laris Antenorei, i. e. of the city of Padua, Mart. 1, 77, 2: ob eam rem tibi Lare commercioque interdico, Vet. Formul. ap. Paul. Sent. 3, 4, 7.

— In plur., Ov. R. Am. 302: jussa pars mutare lares, Hor. C. S. 39.

—Poet., of a bird's nest: avis in ramo tecta laremque parat, Ov. F. 3, 242: cum rapit Halcyones miserae fetumque laremque, Val. Fl. 4, 45.
 
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