Definition of laevus
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Orthography ID = 2031660
1.
LNS
laevus, laeva, laevum
λαιός, cf. Gr. λαιός
adjective (2-1-2)
  1. left, on the left side
  2. Awkward, stupid, foolish, silly
  3. Of ill omen, unfavorable, inconvenient
  4. unfortunate, unlucky, bad, pernicious
  5. fortunate, lucky, propitious
Abbreviations
laevus, a, um, adj. cf. Gr. λαιός, left, on the left side (mostly poet.; syn.: sinister, scaevus). Lit.: ut idem nunc sit laevus; et e laevo sit mutua dexter, Lucr. 4, 301 (325): manus, Cic. Ac. 2, 47, 145: ab laeva manu, Plaut. Aul. 4, 3, 1: habeo equidem hercle oculum. Py. At laevom dico, Plaut. Mil. 4, 7, 24: latus, Ov. M. 12, 415: auris id. ib. 12, 336: pes, id. ib. 12, 101: umerus, id. H. 9, 62: Pontus, lying to the left, id. P. 4, 9, 119: iter, Verg. A. 5, 170: habena, Hor. Ep. 1, 15, 12: amnis, the left bank, Tac. A. 2, 8: laevā in parte mamillae, Juv. 7, 159.

— Subst. laeva, ae, f. (Sc. manus.) The left hand: opsecro te hanc per dexteram, perque hanc sororem laevam, Plaut. Poen. 3, 1, 9: Ilionea petit dextrā, laevāque Serestum, Verg. A. 1, 611; id. ib. 2, 552; 7, 188: cognovi clipeum laevae gestamina nostrae, Ov. M. 15, 163; id. ib. 4, 782; 8, 321: hinc factum est ut usus anulorum exemtus dexterae, in laevam relegaretur, Macr. S. 7, 13, 11; so, dextera laevaque, Juv. 6, 561; 658.

— (Sc. pars.) The left side: laevam cuncta cohors remis ventisque petivit, Verg. A. 3, 563: laevam pete, go to the left, Ov. M. 3, 642.

—Esp. freq. adv.: laevā, on the left side, on the left: dextrā montibus, laevā Tiberi amne saeptus, on the left, Liv. 4, 32: dextrā laevāque duo maria claudunt, id. 21, 43: so, a laevā: Diana facem jacit a laeva, Enn. ap. Cic. Ac. 2, 28, 89 (Trag. Rel. v. 55 Vahl.); Vulg. Exod. 14, 22.

—So, ad laevam, in laevam, to the left, on the left: ante, et pone; ad laevam, et ad dexteram, Cic. Univ. 13: si in laevam detorserit, Plin. 28, 8, 27, § 93.

— In neutr.: laevum, on the left (poet.): intonuit laevum, Verg. A. 2, 693; 9, 631: laevum extendere comas, Juv. 6, 495: in laevum, adverbially, to the left: fleximus in laevum cursus, Ov. Tr. 1, 10, 17: dixit in laevum conversus, Juv. 4, 120 (Jahn, in laevam).

— Plur.: laeva, ōrum, n., places lying on the left: laeva tenent Thetis et Melite, Verg. A. 5, 825: Thracen et laeva Propontidos intrat, Ov. F. 5, 257.

— Trop. Awkward, stupid, foolish, silly: si mens non laeva fuisset, Verg. E. 1, 16; id. A. 2, 54: o ego laevus, Qui purgor bilem sub verni temporis horam, Hor. A. P. 301.

— Of ill omen, unfavorable, inconvenient; unfortunate, unlucky, bad, pernicious: Sirius laevo contristat lumine caelum, Verg. A. 10, 275: peccatum fateor, cum te sic tempore laevo Interpellarim, Hor. S. 2, 4, 4: teque nec laevus vetat ire picus, id. C. 3, 27, 15: laevo monitu pueros producit avaros, Juv. 14, 228: omen, Val. Fl. 6, 70: ignis, i. e. a pestilence, Stat. Th. 1, 634; Claud. Idyll. 2, 92; Sil. 1, 464 Rupert; so, numina laeva (opp. dextra or propitia), unfavorable gods, hostile deities, Verg. G. 4, 7 Jahn and Forbig. ad loc.: impia Cappadocum tellus et numine laevo Visa tibi, Mart. 6, 85, 3; Sil. 14, 494; 15, 512; Arn. adv. Gent. 3, 26.

— In the language of augurs, fortunate, lucky, propitious (because the Romans, by turning their faces to the south, had the eastern signs on their left hand; v. sinister): laeva prospera existimantur, quoniam laevā parte mundi ortus est, Plin. 2, 54, 55, § 142; cf. Liv. 1, 18: omina, Phaedr. 3, 18, 12: tonitru dedit omina laevo Juppiter, Ov. F. 4, 833; cf. Verg. A. 2, 693; 9, 631 (I. B. 2 supra).

—Hence, adv.: laevē, awkwardly, wrongly (poet.), Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 52.
 
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