Definition of extenuo
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Orthography ID = 2021332
1.
LNS
extenuō, extenuāre, extenuāvī, extenuātus
ex, tenuo
verb (1st conjugation)
  1. to make thin, fine, small, to thin, reduce, diminish
  2. to diminish, reduce, weaken, alleviate
  3. to diminish, lessen, weaken
Abbreviations
ex-tenuo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a., to make thin, fine, or small, to thin, reduce, diminish (class.; syn.: attenuo, minuo; opp. augeo, amplifico). Lit.: lignum falce, Varr. R. R. 1, 40, 6: aer extenuatus sublime fertur, rarefied, Cic. N. D. 2, 39, 101: dentibus extenuatur et molitur cibus, id. ib. 2, 54, 134: in pulverem extenuari, Plin. 18, 16, 43, § 148: in aquas, Ov. M. 5, 429: mediam aciem, Liv. 5, 38, 2; 31, 21, 14: in Piceno lapidibus pluisse et Caere sortes extenuatas, diminished, id. 21, 62, 5 Drak. (for which, shortly after: attenuatae sortes; cf. also id. 22, 1, 11).

— In partic., in medic. lang., to diminish, reduce, weaken, alleviate a disease: pituitam, Cels. 6, 6, 8: destillationes, Plin. 21, 21, 89, § 155: albugines, id. 29, 6, 38, § 127: raucitatem, id. 20, 6, 23, § 50: scabiem, id. 32, 10, 51, § 140 et saep.

— Trop., to diminish, lessen, weaken: neque verbis auget suum munus, sed etiam extenuat, Cic. Off. 2, 20, 70: locupletissimi cujusque census extenuarant, tenuissimi auxerant, had made too small, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 55, § 138: spes nostra extenuatur et evanescit, id. Att. 3, 13, 1: quae cogitatio molestias extenuat et diluit, id. Tusc. 3, 16, 34: crimen, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 40, § 108: famam belli, Liv. 5, 37, 3: extenua forti mala corde ferendo, Ov. Tr. 3, 3, 57: curas mora longa, id. P. 1, 3, 26: vires, Hor. S. 1, 10, 14 et saep.

—Hence, extenuātus, a, um, P. a., thinned, weakened, weak. Lit.: (copiolae meae) sunt extenuatissimae, very much thinned, reduced, Brut. ap. Cic. Fam. 11, 13, 2.

— Trop.: ratio, Auct. Her. 2, 24, 37.
 
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