Definition of exstinguo, extinguo
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Orthography ID = 2021248
1.
LNS
exstinguō, exstinguere, exstinxī, exstinctus
extinguō, extinguere, extinxī, extinctus
ex, stinguo, tinguo
verb (3rd conjugation)
  1. to put out, to quench, extinguish
  2. to deprive of life or strength, to kill, destroy
  3. to abolish, destroy, annihilate, annul
Abbreviations
ex-stinguo (ext-), nxi, nctum, 3 (archaic perf. subj. exstinxit, for exstinxerit, Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 43.

—Contracted forms exstinxsti, Verg. A. 4, 682; Pac. ap. Cic. de Or. 2, 46, 193; and exstinxem, Verg. A. 4, 606), v. a., to put out what is burning, to quench, extinguish (class.; esp. freq. in Cic. and in the trop. signif.). Lit.: recens exstinctum lumen, Lucr. 6, 791: exstincta lumina, Cic. Fam. 4, 3, 2: faces, Plin. 2, 103, 106, § 228: lucernam, id. 31, 3, 28, § 49; cf.: senes mori sic videntur ut sua sponte nulla adhibita vi consumptus ignis exstinguitur, goes out, Cic. de Sen. 19, 71: ignem, Ov. F. 2, 712: incendium, Cic. Fam. 4, 13, 2: sol exstinguitur, id. Rep. 6, 22: exstincto calore ipsi exstinguimur, id. N. D. 2, 9, 23: calx exstincta, i. e. slaked, Vitr. 2, 5.

— Transf., to deprive of life or strength, to kill, destroy: animam alicui, Ter. Ad. 3, 2, 16: nolite, hunc jam natura ipsa occidentem velle maturius exstingui vulnere vestro, Cic. Cael. 32, 79; cf. id. N. D. 2, 9, 23: juvenem fortuna morbo exstinxit, Liv. 8, 3, 7: vir egregius exstinctus, cut off, Cic. Brut. 1, 1; id. Rep. 6, 14; Verg. E. 5, 20; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 14; Plin. 9, 8, 8, § 25; Tac. A. 3, 7 et saep.: rapitur miser exstinguendus Messalinae oculis, Juv. 10, 332: vel modico tepore sucus exstinguitur, i. e. is dried up, Curt. 6, 4, 11: mammas, Plin. 23, 2, 32, § 67: odorem alii, to destroy, id. 19, 6, 34, § 113: venena, to render powerless, id. 20, 17, 69, § 179: aquam Albanam dissipatam rivis, to consume, get rid of, an old prophecy in Liv. 5, 16, 9.

— Trop., to abolish, destroy, annihilate, annul (syn.: tollo, deleo, opprimo, diruo, everto, demolior, destruo; opp. inflammo): tyrannis institutis leges omnes exstinguuntur atque tolluntur, Cic. Agr. 3, 2, 5: ea, quae antea scripserat, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 70, § 172: improbitas exstinguenda atque delenda est, id. Div. in Caecil. 8, 26: potentiam exstinguere atque opprimere, id. Rosc. Am. 13, 36; but also distinguished from opprimere: ut exstinctae potius amicitiae quam oppressae esse videantur, extinct, id. Lael. 21, 78: ad sensus animorum atque motus vel inflammandos vel etiam exstinguendos, id. de Or. 1, 14, 60: sermo omnis ille oblivione posteritatis extinguitur, id. Rep. 6, 23 fin.; cf.: exstinctis rumoribus, Caes. B. C. 1, 60 fin.: ad ejus salutem exstinguendam, Cic. Mil. 2, 5: nomen populi Romani, id. Cat. 4, 4, 7: superiorem gloriam rei militaris, Caes. B. G. 5, 29, 4: memoriam publicam, Cic. Mil. 27, 73: gratiam, id. Fam. 1, 1, 4: familiaritates, id. Lael. 10, 35: invidiam, id. Balb. 6, 16: infamiam, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 69, § 168: causam nascentem dissensionis, Matius in Cic. Fam. 11, 28, 2: consuetudinem, Cic. Cael. 25, 61: reliquias belli, id. Fam. 10, 25, 1: bellum civile, Plin. 7, 26, 27, § 96: jus pignoris, Dig. 20, 1, 9; cf. fideicommissum, ib. 32, 1, 11: actionem, ib. 47, 2, 42 al.
 
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