Definition of excludo
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Orthography ID = 2020601
1.
LNS
exclūdō, exclūdere, exclūsī, exclūsus
cludo, claudo
verb (3rd conjugation)
  1. to shut out, exclude
  2. to cut off, remove, separate
  3. to shut out, refuse to receive
  4. To drive out, to put, press, thrust, take out
  5. to hatch
  6. To make prominent
Abbreviations
ex-clūdo, si, sum, 3 (perf. sync. exclusti for exclusisti, Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 18) [cludo, claudo], to shut out, exclude; to cut off, remove, separate from any thing (class.). Lit. In gen.: aliquem a portu et perfugio, Cic. Fam. 5, 15, 3: aliquem ab re frumentaria, Caes. B. G. 7, 55, 9: aliquem ab acie, id. B. C. 2, 41, 6: Gaditani Poenos moenibus excluserunt, Cic. Balb. 17, 39: nulla exclusura dolentes Janua, Tib. 2, 3, 73.

—With inanimate objects: spissa ramis laurea fervidos Excludet ictus (solis), Hor. C. 2, 15, 10: aquam quae exundante palude in agrum refluere solet, Dig. 39, 3, 1: exclusere diem telis, shut out, obscured, Stat. Th. 8, 412: Euphrates Armeniae regiones a Cappadocia excludens, separating, Plin. 5, 24, 20, § 83.

— Esp., to shut out, refuse to receive a visitor: quo pacto excludi, quaeso, potis est planius, quam exclusus nunc sum, Plaut. Truc. 2, 8, 5: ego excludor, ille recipitur, Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 79; id. ib. 1, 1, 4: aliquem foras, Plaut. Mil. 4, 1, 30; Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 18: quae me non excludet ab se, sed apud se occludet domi, Plaut. Men. 4, 2, 108; cf.: ut ab illa excludar, huc concludar, Ter. And. 2, 3, 12; Hor. S. 2, 3, 260; Ov. Am. 1, 8, 78; cf.: priusquam Caesar me abs te excludere posset, Pomp. ap. Cic. Att. 8, 12 B. 1.

— Transf. To drive out, to put, press, thrust, or take out: excludito mihi hercle oculum, si dedero, i. e. to knock out, Plaut. Ps. 1, 5, 95: vel oculum exclude, Ter. Phorm. 5, 7, 96: gemmam, Dig. 10, 4, 6: liquorem, Scrib. Comp. 84: pallio caput, Petr. 32, 2.

— In partic. of birds, to hatch their young: volucres Ova relinquebant, exclusae tempore verno, Lucr. 5, 802; cf.: gallinae avesque reliquae, cum ex ovis pullos excluserint, etc., Cic. N. D. 2, 52, 129: pullos, id. ib. 2, 48, 124; Col. 8, 5, 7; 8, 14, 11; Suet. Tib. 14 al.

—And transf., by way of pun, to the pupils of the rhetorician Corax (raven): Coracem istum patiamur pullos suos excludere in nido, qui evolent, clamatores odiosi ac molesti, Cic. de Or. 3, 21, 81.

— To make prominent (eccl. Lat.), = eminere, Aug. in Psa. 67, § 39; Vulg. Psa. 67, 31; cf. Aug. Spir. et Litt. § 17.

—* To close, complete: volumen, Stat. S. 2 praef. fin. Trop., to exclude, except, remove, hinder, prevent: Crassus tres legatos decernit, nec excludit Pompeium, Cic. Fam. 1, 1, 3: excludi ab omni doctrina, id. de Or. 1, 11, 46; cf.: exclusit illum a re publica, id. Phil. 5, 11, 29: ab hereditate fraterna excludi, id. Clu. 11, 31; cf. also: ne anni tempore a navigatione excluderetur, Caes. B. G. 5, 23, 5: ut reditu in Asiam excluderetur, Nep. Them. 5, 1: exceptione excludi, Cic. de Or. 1, 37, 168: multas actiones praetoriis exceptionibus, id. Inv. 1, 19, 57: angustiis temporis excluduntur omnes, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 56, § 148: tempore exclusus, hindered, prevented, Caes. B. G. 6, 31, 1: diei tempore exclusus, id. ib. 7, 11, 5: si qui se in hoc judicium forte projecerint, excluditote eorum cupiditatem, Cic. Cael. 9, 22: servitutem, Lucil. ap. Non. 301, 14: consuetudinem libere dicendi, Cic. Phil. 5, 7, 19.

—Hence, * exclūsus, a, um, P. a., shut out, locked out: nunc ego sum exclusissimus, Plaut. Men. 4, 3, 24.
 
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