Definition of excido
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Orthography ID = 2020577
1.
LNS
excīdō, excīdere, excīdī, excīsus
caedo
verb (3rd conjugation)
  1. to cut out or off, to hew out, to cut or hew down
  2. to raze, demolish, lay waste, destroy
  3. to extirpate, remove, banish
Abbreviations
ex-cīdo, īdi, īsum, 3, v. a. caedo, to cut out or off, to hew out, to cut or hew down (class.). Lit.: lapides e terra, Cic. Off. 2, 3 fin.: omnes arbores longe lateque, Caes. B. C. 2, 15, 1; cf.: excisa enim est arbor, non evulsa, Cic. Att. 15, 4, 2: exciditur ilex (with percellunt magnas quercus), Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 2 (Ann. 194 ed. Vahl.): arborem e stirpe, Dig. 43, 27, 1: ericium, Caes. B. C. 3, 67 fin.: radicem, Plin. 17, 11, 16, § 82: columnas rupibus, Verg. A. 1, 428; cf.: rubos arvis, Quint. 9, 4, 5: linguam alicui, Crassus ap. Cic. de Or. 3, 1 fin.: partum mulieri, Dig. 11, 8, 2: os, Cels. 8, 3: virilitatem, i. e. to castrate, geld, Quint. 5, 12, 17; for which also, se, Ov. F. 4, 361; cf. Dig. 48, 8, 4 fin.: vias per montes, Plin. 36, 15, 24, § 125: latus rupis in antrum, Verg. A. 6, 42; cf.: vasa anaglypta in asperitatem, i. e. wrought with raised figures, Plin. 33, 11, 49, § 139: exciderat eum (sc. obeliscum) rex, majusque opus in devehendo statuendove multo quam in excidendo, i. e. cut out in the quarry, Plin. 36, 8, 14, § 67; absol., id. ib. § 65.

— Transf., in gen., to raze, demolish, lay waste, destroy: qui domos inimicorum suorum oppugnavit, excidit, incendit, Cic. Sest. 44: Numantiam, id. Off. 1. 22, 76; cf. Trojam, Verg. A. 2, 637: urbem, id. ib. 12, 762: oppida, Lact. 1, 18, 8: Germaniam, Vell. 2, 123 fin.: agrum, id. 2, 115: exercitum, i. e. to cut to pieces, annihilate, id. 2, 120, 3.

— Trop., to extirpate, remove, banish: aliquid ex animo, Cic. Prov. Cons. 18, 43; cf.: iram animis, Sen. de Ira, 3, 1: aliquem numero civium, Plin. Ep. 8, 18, 6.
 
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