Definition of excido
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Orthography ID = 2020576
1.
LNS
excidō, excidere, excidī, -
cado
verb (3rd conjugation)
  1. to fall out or down, to fall from
  2. to fall, come out
  3. to fall out involuntarily, fall from, slip out, escape
  4. To dissent, differ from
  5. To pass away, be lost, perish, disappear
  6. To fail, faint, swoon, lose one's self
Abbreviations
ex-cido, cidi, 3, v. n. cado, to fall out or down, to fall from (class.; esp. freq. in the trop. sense). Lit. In gen.: quod (animal) cum ex utero elapsum excidit, Cic. N. D. 2, 51, 128: sol excidisse mihi e mundo videtur, id. Att. 9, 10, 3: gladii de manibus exciderunt, id. Pis. 9 fin.; cf. id. Phil. 12, 3, 8; id. Cat. 1, 6 fin.; for which also: inter manus (urna), Prop. 4 (5), 4, 22; and: a digitis (ansa), Ov. H. 16, 252: Palinurus exciderat puppi, Verg. A. 6, 339; cf. arce, Ov. F. 5, 34: equis, Sen. Herc. Oet. 1164: num qui nummi exciderunt, here, tibi, quod sic terram Obtuere? Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 17; cf. id. Cist. 4, 2, 8; id. Merc. 3, 1, 44; id. Poen. 1, 2, 48: volvae excidunt, Plin. 36, 21, 39, § 151.

—Poet.: ita vinclis Excidet aut in aquas tenues dilapsus abibit, will slip out of the fetters, Verg. G. 4, 410: in flumen (elephanti, sc. e rate), Liv. 21, 28 fin.: cum Herculis pertractanti arma sagitta excidisset in pedem, Plin. 25, 6, 30, § 66: ante pedes (lingua resecta), Ov. Ib. 536.

— In partic., of a lot, to fall of come out (very rare): ut cujusque sors exciderat, Liv. 21, 42, 3; and hence, transf.: nominibus in urnam conjectis, citari quod primum sorte nomen excidit, id. 23, 3, 7. Trop. In gen., to fall out involuntarily, fall from, slip out, escape: verbum ex ore alicujus, Cic. Sull. 26; cf.: vox excidit ore: Venisti tandem, etc., Verg. A. 6, 686: tantumque nefas patrio excidit ore? id. ib. 2, 658; cf.: scelus ore tuo, Ov. M. 7, 172: quod verbum tibi non excidit, ut saepe fit, fortuito, Cic. Phil. 10, 2 fin.; cf. Quint. 6, 3, 23; 7, 2, 52; 9, 4, 41 al.: libellus me imprudente et invito excidit, escaped me without my knowledge or desire, Cic. de Or. 1, 21; cf. id. ib. 1, 2, 5: vox horrenda per auras excidit, Verg. A. 9, 113: et pariter vultusque deo plectrumque colorque Excidit, Ov. M. 2, 602; cf. id. ib. 4, 176: ut quodammodo victoria e manibus excideret, Cic. Ep. ad Brut. 1, 10, 2: (versus) qui in breves excidunt, i. e. which close, terminate, Quint. 9, 4, 106.

—Poet.: in vitium libertas excidit, qs. falls away, sinks, = delabitur, Hor. A. P. 282.

— In partic. * To dissent, differ from any one's opinion: ego ab Archilocho excido, Lucil. ap. Non. 301, 18.

— To pass away, be lost, perish, disappear: neque enim verendum est, ne quid excidat aut ne quid in terram defluat, Cic. Lael. 16, 58: primo miser excidit aevo, Prop. 3, 7, 7 (4, 6, 7 M.): nec vera virtus, cum semel excidit, etc., Hor. C. 3, 5, 30: at non ingenio quaesitum nomen ab aevo Excidet, Prop. 3, 2, 24 (4, 1, 64 M.): excidit omnis luctus, Ov. M. 8, 448: ne Tarentinae quidem arcis excidit memoria, Liv. 27, 3 fin.; cf. the foll.

—Esp. To fail, faint, swoon, lose one's self: excidit illa metu, rupitque novissima verba, Ov. A. A. 1, 5, 39; cf.: ut scias quemadmodum nunquam excidam mihi, lose control of myself (through drink), Sen. de Ira, 3, 14, 1: quis me dolori reddit? quam bene excideram mihi! Sen. Hippol. 589 sq.

— To slip out, escape from the memory: excidere de memoria, Liv. 29, 19 fin.: exciderat pacis mentio ex omnium animis, id. 34, 37; cf. animo, Verg. A. 1, 26; Ov. H. 20, 188; and pectore, id. Pont. 2, 4, 24: o miram memoriam, Pomponi, tuam! at mihi ista exciderant, Cic. Leg. 2, 18, 46; so with dat.: quae cogitatio, cum mihi non omnino excidisset, etc., id. Fam. 5, 13, 2; id. Att. 6, 1, 7; Quint. 4, 5, 4; 10, 1, 75; Prop. 3 (4), 24, 20; 4 (5), 7, 15 et saep.; cf. with a subjectclause: non excidit mihi, scripsisse me, etc., Quint. 2, 3, 10.

—Absol.: quid? non haec varietas mira est, excidere proxima, vetera inhaerere? hesternorum immemores acta pueritiae recordari, id. 11, 2, 6; 1, 12, 6; 4, 2, 91; 4, 5, 2; cf. with inf. clause: si calore dicendi vitare id excidisset, id. 11, 3, 130; and with ut: excidit, ut peterem, etc., i. e. I forgot to beg, Ov. M. 14, 139.

—Rarely transf. to the person: excidens, who forgets, forgetful, Quint. 11, 2, 19: palam moneri excidentis est, id. 11, 3, 132.

— (Ex) aliquā re, of persons, to be deprived of, to lose, miss, forfeit (esp. freq. since the Aug. per.; in Cic. not at all): ex familia, Plaut. Men. 4, 2, 104: uxore, to be disappointed of, Ter. And. 2, 5, 12: regno, Curt. 10, 5: quem si non tenuit, magnis tamen excidit ausis, failed in a great attempt, Ov. M. 2, 328; cf.: fine medicinae, Quint. 2, 17, 25: genere, id. 1, 5, 16: qui apud privatos judices plus petendo formula excidissent, i. e. who lost their suits (for the usual cadere formulā or causā; v. cado, II.), Suet. Claud. 14; Sen. Clem. 2, 3.
 
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