Definition of egeo
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Orthography ID = 2018932
1.
LNS
egeō, egēre, eguī, -
ἀχήν, αχ, αγχ, ἄχος, ἄγχω, cf. Gr. ἀχήν, poor; root αχ, αγχ, in ἄχος, ἄγχω, etc.; Lat. angustus, angina
verb (2nd conjugation)
  1. to be needy
  2. to be needy, to be in want, to be poor
  3. To need, want, lack, to be in need of
  4. To be without, to be destitute of, not to have
  5. To do without, to bear the want of
  6. to desire, wish for
Abbreviations
egeo, ui, 2 (part. fut. egitura, Tert. adv. Marc. 4, 24), v. n. cf. Gr. ἀχήν, poor; root αχ-, αγχ, in ἄχος, ἄγχω, etc.; Lat. angustus, angina, to be needy (for syn. cf.: indigeo, careo, vaco). Prop. Absol. (so usually in Plaut. and Ter.), to be needy, to be in want, to be poor: me in divitiis esse agrumque habere, egere illam autem, Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 57; cf. id. Most. 1, 3, 73; id. Truc. 2, 1, 12; 4, 2, 32; id. Trin. 2, 2, 49; id. Capt. 3, 4, 49; Ter. Heaut. 5, 2, 11; Cic. Rosc. Com. 8 (opp. locupletem esse); Hor. S. 2, 2, 103 (opp. dives); id. Ep. 1, 2, 56; 2, 1, 228 et saep.

—Pass. impers.: amatur atque egetur acriter, Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 39.

— To need, want, lack, to be in need of, with the thing needed. In the abl.: earum rerum, quibus egeremus, invectio, Cic. Off. 2, 3 fin.; cf. id. Rep. 2, 5; id. Fam. 10, 16, 2: omnibus necessariis rebus, Caes. B. C. 3, 32, 4: copiis, Cic. Off. 1, 16 fin.: oculis ad cernendum, id. N. D. 2, 57, 143: bibliothecis Graecis, id. Tusc. 2, 2, 6; cf. id. Div. 2, 2, 5: medicina, id. Lael. 3: nullo, id. ib. 9, 30: consilio, opera nostra, id. ib. 14 fin.: auxilio, id. Fam. 2, 17, 16: sapiens eget nulla re: egere enim necessitatis est, Sen. Ep. 9 med. (cf. I. a. supra).

—Of inanimate subjects: opus eget exercitatione non parva, Cic. Lael. 5, 17; cf. Quint. 1, 6, 38; 1, 8, 4; 1, 10, 7 et saep.

— In the gen. (in Cic. dub., v. the foll.): si pudoris egeas, Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 187: tui, admonitricis, id. Truc. 2, 6, 20; cf. id. Mil. 4, 2, 42; Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 67: auxilii, Caes. B. G. 6, 11, 4: medicinae (al. medicina; cf. the preced.), Cic. Fam. 9, 3 fin.: medici, curatoris, Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 102; cf. custodis, id. S. 1, 4, 118: aeris (opp. locuples mancipiis), id. Ep. 1, 6, 39: nullius, id. ib. 1, 17, 22: nutricis, Ov. Tr. 6, 135: alienae facundiae, Tac. A. 13, 3 al.

—Of inanimate subjects: nec prosum quicquam nostrae rationis egere, Lucr. 3, 44; Quint. 5, 14, 5; 2, 16, 13; 3, 8, 63 al.

— In the acc.: nec quicquam eges, Plaut. Men. 1, 2, 12; cf. the foll.

— Supplied by inf. pass.: clariores quam ut indicari egeant, Athenae, Mel. 2, 3, 4; cf. id. 2, 4, 1. Sometimes transf. (For the usual careo.) To be without, to be destitute of, not to have: C. Macer auctoritate semper eguit, Cic. Brut. 67, 238: donis tuis, somne, Stat. S. 5, 4, 2.

—Of inanimate subjects: res proprio nomine, Lucr. 3, 134.

—* To do without, to bear the want of: si quid est, quod utar, utor; si non est, egeo, Cato ap. Gell. 13, 23, 1.

— Like the Gr. δέομαι (cf. also the Engl. to want), to desire, wish for: tui amans abeuntis egeo, Plaut. As. 3, 3, 1: plausoris, Hor. A. P. 154: tantuli, id. S. 1, 1, 59; cf. in the abl.: pane, id. Ep. 1, 10, 11.

—Hence, egens, entis, P. a., needy, necessitous, in want, very poor (class.; cf.: egenus, indigens, indigus, inops, pauper, mendicus): quocirca (amici) et absentes assunt egentes abundant, Cic. Lael. 7; Plaut. Pers. 1, 1, 1; 2, 3, 4; id. Stich. 2, 2, 7; Ter. Ad. 3, 3, 30; id. Phorm. 2, 3, 10; Cic. Clu. 59, 163; id. Fl. 15, 35 et saep.; cf. opp. locuples, Caes. B. C. 3, 59, 2; Dig. 22, 5, 3; opp. abundans, Cic. Par. 6, 1, 43: delectus egentium ac perditorum, Caes. B. G. 7, 4, 2; cf. Sall. C. 31, 1; 18, 4.

— Comp.: nihil rege egentius, Cic. Att. 6, 1, 4.

—Sup.: egestates tot egentissimorum hominum, Cic. Att. 9, 7, 5; id. Sest. 52, 111; id. Rosc. Am. 8 fin.; opp. locuples, Liv. 1, 47.

—Adv. does not occur.
 
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