Definition of cum
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Orthography ID = 1003890
1.
LEM
cum
for *scom-- SEC-
preposition (ablative)
  1. with, together with, in the company of, in connection with, along with, together, and
  2. [of time] at, with, at the same time with, at the time of
  3. [with abl. of circumstance] manner, etc., with, in, under, in the midst of, among, to, at
  4. [in the phrase, cum eo] with the circumstance, under the condition
  5. [with primis] with the foremost, eminently, especially
  6. [with an ordinal number, of increase] -fold
Abbreviations
cum (with pers. pron., and with unemphatic relat. pron., -cum enclit.; in compounds, com-), praep. with abl. for *scom

— SEC-, with, together with, in the company of, in connection with, along with, together, and: cum veteribus copiis sese coniungere, Cs.: antea cum uxore, tum sine eā: si cenas mecum, in my house, H.: errare cum Platone: cum lacte errorem suxisse: qui unum magistratum cum ipsis habeant, Cs.: foedera quibus etiam cum hoste devincitur fides: sentire cum rege, on the side of, L.: volentibus cum magnis dis: vivitur cum iis: cum quibus amicitias iunxerant, L.: ut te di cum tuo incepto perduint, T.: oratio habenda cum multitudine: ita cum Caesare egit, Cs.: agere cum civibus: quid mihi cum istā diligentiā?: tempus cum coniuratis consultando absumunt, L.: quibuscum belium gerunt, Cs.: cum Volscis aequo Marte discessum est, L.: cum coniuge distractus: cum Catone dissentire: hanc rationem dicendi cum imperatoris laude comparare: voluptatem cum cupiditate deliberare, against.

—Of time, at, with, at the same time with, at the time of: cum primā luce domum venisse: pariter cum occasu solis, S.: cum sole reliquit, V.: exit cum nuntio Crassus, Cs.

—With abl. of circumstance, manner, etc., with, in, under, in the midst of, among, to, at: cum ratione insanire, T.: cum dis bene iuvantibus arma capite (i. e. dis adiuvantibus), L.: cum summā rei p. salute: magno cum periculo provinciae, Cs.: magno cum gemitu civitatis: speculatus omnia cum curā, L: illud cum pace agemus, peacefully: bonā cum veniā audiatis: cui sunt inauditae cum Deiotaro querelae tuae? the remonstrances you made: servare fidem cum hoste, the faith pledged to.

—Esp., after idem: tibi mecum in eodem est pistrino vivendum (i. e. in quo vivo): in eisdem flagitiis mecum versatus.

—In the phrase, cum eo, with the circumstance, under the condition: sit sane, sed tamen cum eo, credo, quod sine peccato meo fiat: colonia missa cum eo, ut Antiatibus permitteretur, si, etc., L.

— With primis, with the foremost, eminently, especially: homo cum primis locuples.

—With an ordinal number, of increase, -fold: age{*} efficit cum octavo, cum decimo, eightfold.

—Praegn., with, possessing, holding, wearing, owning: haud magnā cum re, Enn. ap. C.: iuvenes cum equis albis, upon: consul cum volnere gravi, L.: cum tunica pullā sedere: vidi Cupidinem cum lampade, holding: cum eisdem suis vitiis nobilissimus, with all his faults.

—In compounds com- was unchanged before b, p, m, and in comes and its derivatives

— m was usu. assimilated before r, sometimes before l, but was usu. dropped before n

— before other consonants m became n, but conicio was written for coniicio. Before a vowel (or h) m was dropped.
 
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