Definition of alter
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Orthography ID = 1000947
1.
LEM
alter, altera, alterum
2 AL-
adjective (UNUS NAUTA -ER)
  1. one, another, the one, the other (of two)
  2. one ... the other
Abbreviations
alter tera, terum, gen. terīus or terius, dat. alterī (f rarely alterae), pronom adj. 2 AL-, one, another, the one, the other (of two): necesse est sit alterum de duobus: altera ex duabus legionibus, Cs.: alter consulum, L.: in alterā parte fluminis legatum reliquit, on the other side, Cs.: ut consules alter ambove cognoscerent, one or both: absente consulum altero ambobusve, L.

— Alter ... alter, the one ... the other, the former ... the latter: curemus aequam uterque partem

— ut alterum, ego item alterum, T.: quorum alter exercitum perdidit, alter vendidit: nec ad vivos pertineat, nec ad mortuos

— alteri nulli sunt, alteros non attinget: quorum alteri adiuvabant, alteri, etc., Cs.: qui noxii ambo, alter in alterum causam conferant, L.

—Unus ... alter, one ... the other: Ph. Una iniuria est tecum ... altera est tecum, T.: uni epistulae respondi, venio ad alteram.

— Opp. to other distributive words: alter gladiator habetur, hic autem, etc.: lateris alter angulus ad orientem solem, inferior ad, etc., Cs.: ne alteruter alterum praeoccuparet, N.: uterque suo studio delectatus contempsit alterum: neutrum eorum contra alterum iuvare, Cs.

—Esp., as a numeral, the second, next (cf. secundus): primo die ... alter dies ... tertius dies: proximo, altero, tertio, reliquis consecutis diebus: sive iterum Sulla sive alter Marius: alteris Te mensis adhibet deum, i. e. at the dessert, H.

— So, alterā die, the next day: altero die quam, on the next day after, L.

— With praepp.: qui tum regnabat alter post Alexandream conditam, next after: Fortunate puer, tu nunc eris alter ab illo, the next after him, V.

—In compound numbers: litteras altero vicensimo die reddidit, on the twenty-second day.

—Of a number collectively: hos libros alteros quinque mittemus, a second series of five: Aurea mala decem misi

— cras altera (sc. decem) mittam, V.

— In the phrase, unus et alter, unus atque alter, unus alterque, the one and the other.

—Usu. of an indef. number, one and another, a couple, one or two: Unus et item alter, T.: unum et alterum diem desiderari: versus paulo concinnior unus et alter, H.

—Rarely of a definite number, two: unus et alter dies intercesserat.

—Alterum tantum, as much more, as much again, twice as much: altero tanto longior, N.: numero tantum alterum adiecit, L.

— Of quality or character, a second, another, i. e. very like: Verres, alter Orcus: alter ego: amicus est tamquam alter idem, a second self.

—The one of two, either of two (for alteruter): non uterque sed alter: sine alteris vestrum vivere, L.

— Meton., another (for alius): victis non ad alterius praescriptum imperare, Cs.: si nullius alterius nos pudet, nobody else, L.

—Hence, a neighbor, fellow-creature: ex incommodis Alterius sua ut conparent commoda, T.: nihil alterius causā facere.

—The other, the opposite: alterius factionis principes, the leaders of the opposite party, N.

—Different, changed: quotiens et specula videris alterum, H.
 
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