Definition of aspiro, adspiro
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The verb aspīrō is reported to have 1 error(s). Please be cautious when citing this word.
Orthography ID = 2004924
1.
LNS
aspīrō, aspīrāre, aspīrāvī, aspīrātus
adspīrō, adspīrāre, adspīrāvī, adspīrātus
a, spiro, ad
verb (1st conjugation)
  1. To breathe or blow upon
  2. To aspire to, to desire to reach or obtain, to approach, come near
  3. in with acc
  4. local adv
  5. to give the, sound, to aspirate
  6. To breathe or blow upon, to infuse, instil
Abbreviations
a-spīro (adsp-, Baiter, Rib., Merk., K. and H.; asp-, Kayser, Halm, Muller), āvi, ātum, 1, v. n. and a. Neutr. To breathe or blow upon; constr. with ad, the dat., or absol.: ad quae (granaria) nulla aura umida ex propinquis locis adspiret, Varr. R. R. 1, 57: ut ne ad eum frigus adspiret, Cels. 2, 17: pulmones se contrahunt adspirantes, exhaling, Cic. N. D. 2, 55, 136: Lenius aspirans aura, Cat. 68, 64: amaracus illum Floribus et dulci adspirans complectitur umbrā, Verg. A. 1, 694: adspirant aurae in noctem, rise at or toward night, id. ib. 7, 8: si minuma adspirat aura, Plin. 13, 22, 43, § 124: tibia adspirat choro, accompanies, Hor. A. P. 204 al.

— Trop.: alicui, to be favorable to, to favor, assist (the figure taken from a fair breeze): aspira mihi, Tib. 2, 1, 35: quibus aspirabat Amor, id. 2, 3, 71: adspirat primo fortuna labori, Verg. A. 2, 385: adspirate canenti, id. ib. 9, 525: di, coeptis adspirate meis, Ov. M. 1, 3.

—Also absol.: magno se praedicat auxilio fuisse, quia paululum in rebus difficillimis aspiravit, Auct. ad Her. 4, 34 (cf. afflo).

— To aspire to a person or thing, to desire to reach or obtain, i. e. to approach, come near (esp. with the access. idea of striving to attain to); constr. with ad, in with acc., the dat., a local adv., or absol. (class.; freq. in Cic.): qui prope ad ostium adspiraverint, Lucil. ap. Non. p. 4, 142: quid enim quisquam ad meam pecuniam me invito aspirat? quid accedit? Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 54 fin.; so id. Div. in Caecil. 5 fin.: tu ad eum Ciceronem numquam aspirasti, id. Pis. 5 fin.; so id. Fam. 7, 10: omnes aditus tuos interclusi, ut ad me adspirare non posses, id. Tusc. 5, 9, 27: aspirare in curiam, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 31: in campum, id. Sull. 18, 52: ne non modo intrare, verum etiam adspicere aut aspirare possim, id. Caecin. 14; Col. 8, 14, 9: nec equis adspirat Achillis, Verg. A. 12, 352: sed non incendia Colchis adspirare sinit, Val. Fl. 7, 584.

— Trop.: sed haec ad eam laudem, quam volumus, aspirare non possunt, arrive at, attain to, Cic. Or. 41, 140: bellicā laude aspirare ad Africanum nemo potest, id. Brut. 21, 84: haec etiam in equuleum coniciuntur, quo vita non adspirat beata, id. Tusc. 5, 5, 13; Gell. 14, 3, 10.

— In gram., to give the h sound, to aspirate (cf. aspiratio, II. B.): consonantibus, Quint. 1, 5, 20: Graeci aspirare solent, id. 1, 4, 14; Nigid. ap. Gell. 13, 6, 3.

— Act. To breathe or blow upon, to infuse, instil; lit. and trop. (poet. or in post-Aug. prose): Juno ventos adspirat eunti, sends favoring winds, Verg. A. 5, 607: adspiravit auram quandam salutis fortuna, Amm. 19, 6: dictis divinum amorem, Verg. A. 8, 373: novam pectoribus fidem, Claud. Fesc. 14, 16: nobis tantum ingenii aspiret, Quint. 4, prooem. § 5.

— * To breathe or blow upon; trop. of the sea, to wash: insula adspiratur freto Gallico, is washed, Sol. 22.
 
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