Definition of Apollo, Apello
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Orthography ID = 2003751
1.
LNS
Apollō, Apollinis
(Apellō, Apellinis)
Apollo, Apello
Ἀπόλλων
noun (m., 3rd Greek declension)
  1. Apollo, son of Jupiter and Latona, twinbrother of Diana, and god of the sun. On account of his omniscience, god of divination
  2. on account of his lightnings, god of archery, and of the pestilence caused by heat
  3. god of the healing art
  4. god of poetry and music, presiding over the Muses
  5. a town in Upper Egypt, also called
  6. Edju
Abbreviations
Apollo, inis (earlier Apello, like hemo for homo, Paul. ex Fest. p. 22 Mull.; gen. APOLONES, Inscr. Orell. 1433, like salutes, v. salus; dat. APOLLONI, Corp. Inscr. III. 567, APOLENEI, ib. I. 167, APOLONE, Inscr. Ritschl, Epigr. Suppl. 3, p. 3; abl. APOLONE; the gen. Apollōnis etc., is often found in MSS., as in Cic. Tusc. 1, 47, 114, and even Apollonis is found in Plaut. Men. 5, 2, 119; Neue, Formenl. I. p. 165), m., = Ἀπόλλων, Apollo, son of Jupiter and Latona, twinbrother of Diana, and god of the sun. On account of his omniscience, god of divination; on account of his lightnings (βέλη), god of archery (hence represented with quiver and dart), and of the pestilence caused by heat; but, since his priests were the first physicians, also god of the healing art; and since he communicated oracles in verse, god of poetry and music, presiding over the Muses, etc.; cf. Hor. C. S. 61 sq. In more ancient times, represented as a protecting deity, by a conical pillar in the streets and highways (Apollo Agyieus, v. Agyieus and Mull. Denkm. 2). In the class. period of the arts, represented with weapons, the cithara, a crown of laurel, etc., with hair commonly flowing down upon his neck, but sometimes collected together and fastened up (ἀκερσεκόμης), as a blooming youth (μειράκιον); cf. Mull. Archaeol. §§ 359 and 360. The laurel-tree was sacred to him, Phaedr. 3, 17, 3; Ov. F. 6, 91; hence, arbor Phoebi, the laurel-tree, id. ib. 3, 139; cf. arbor.

—After the battle at Actium, Augustus there consecrated a temple to Apollo; hence, Apollo Actiacus, Ov. M. 13, 715, and Actius Phoebus, Prop. 5, 6, 67 (cf. Strabo, 10, 451, and v. Actium and Actius): Pythius Apollo, Naev. ap. Macr. S. 6, 5: crinitus Apollo, Enn. ap. Cic. Ac. 2, 28, 89: dignos et Apolline crines, Ov. M. 3, 421: flavus Apollo, id. Am. 1, 15, 35: Apollinis nomen est Graecum, quem solem esse volunt, Cic. N. D. 2, 27, 68: Apollinem Delium, Cic. Verr. 1, 18, 48; Verg. A. 4, 162: Apollinem morbos depellere, Caes. B. G. 6, 17; Verg. E. 6, 73; Hor. C. 1, 7, 28: magnus Apollo, Verg. E. 3, 104: formosus, id. ib. 4, 53: pulcher, id. A. 3, 119: vates Apollo, Val. Fl. 4, 445: oraculum Apollinis, Cic. Am. 2, 7.

—Hence, Esp. Apollinis urbs magna, a town in Upper Egypt, also called Apollonopolis, now the village Edju, Plin. 5, 9, 11, § 60; cf. Mann. Afr. I. 328.

— Apollinis promontorium. In Zeugitana in Africa, a mile east of Utica, now Cape Gobeah or Farina (previously called promontorium pulchrum), Liv. 30, 24, 8; Mel. 1, 7, 2; Plin. 5, 4, 3, § 23; cf. Mann. Afr. II. 293.

— In Mauretania, Plin. 5, 2, 1, § 20.

— Apollinis oppidum, a town in the eastern part of Ethiopia, Plin. 6, 30, 35, § 189.

— Apollinis Phaestii portus, a harbor in the territory of Locri Ozolae, Plin. 4, 3, 4, § 7.

— Apollinis Libystini fanum, a place in Sicily, now Fano, Macr. S. 1, 17.
 
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