Definition of apex
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Orthography ID = 2003664
1.
LNS
apex, apicis
etym. acc. to , and Paul. ex Mull., from apo, to join to, whence aptus; cf. Van. Etym. p. 33
noun (m., 3rd declension)
  1. the extreme end of a thing, the point, summit, top
  2. the small rod at the top of the flamen's cap, wound round with wool
  3. The conical cap of the flamen, ornamented with this rod
  4. priesthood
  5. Any hat or helmet, a crown
  6. the crest
Abbreviations
apex, icis, m. etym. acc. to Serv. ad Verg. A. 10, 270, and Paul. ex Fest. p. 18 Mull., from apo, to join to, whence aptus; cf. Van. Etym. p. 33, the extreme end of a thing, the point, summit, top (syn.: cacumen, summa, fastigium, culmen, vertex); hence, Lit., the small rod at the top of the flamen's cap, wound round with wool, Serv. ad Verg. A. 2, 683; 10, 270.

—Hence, Transf. (As pars pro toto.) The conical cap of the flamen, ornamented with this rod: QVEI. APICEM. INSIGNE. DIALIS. FLAMINIS. GESISTEI, Epitaph. Scip. Grotef. 2, 299: apicem dialem, Liv. 6, 41: apex e capite prolapsus, Val. Max. 1, 1, n. 4.

—Hence, of the priesthood itself: homo honestus non apice insignis, Sen. ap. Lact. 17, 6.

— Any hat or helmet, a crown: ab aquilā Tarquinio apicem impositum putent, Cic. Leg. 1, 1: regum apices, Hor. C. 3, 21, 20: ardet apex capiti, Verg. A. 10, 270; 2, 683.

—Of birds, the crest, Plin. 11, 37, 44, § 121.

— A projecting point or summit. Lit., of trees: lauri, Verg. A. 7, 66.

—Of a headland: sublimis, Juv. 12, 72: montis apex, Sil. 12, 709; so Vulg. Judith, 7, 3.

—Of the point of a sickle, Col. 4, 25, 1.

—Of the summit of a flame, Ov. M. 10, 279 et saep.

— Trop., the highest ornament or honor, the crown of a thing: apex est senectutis auctoritas, Cic. Sen. 17, 60: hinc apicem Fortuna sustulit, hic posuisse gaudet, Hor. C. 1, 34, 14.

— In gram., the long mark over a vowel, Quint. 1, 7, 2; 1, 4, 10; 1, 5, 23; Victor. p. 2469 P.

—Hence, trop.: nullum apicem quaestionis praetermittere, Arn. 3 init.

— The forms or outlines of the letters: litterarum apices, Gell. 13, 30, 10; 17, 9, 12.

—Hence (per synecdochen), A letter or any other writing: apicum oblator, Sid. Ep. 6, 8: Augusti apices, i. e. rescripts, Cod. Just. 2, 8, 6 fin.

— Of the point or apex of a Hebrew letter, put fig. for the least particle, tittle (eccl. Lat.; Gr. ἡ κεραία): iota unum aut unus apex non praeteribit a lege, Vulg. Matt. 5, 18; ib. Luc. 16, 17.
 
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