Definition of annus
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Orthography ID = 2003302
1.
LNS
annus, annī
ἐνοαυτός, δίενος, τρίενος, acc. to some, as Corssen, Beitr. 16, for amnus, from 2. an am; or acc. to others, directly from 2. anus, a ring, and kindred to the form appearing, in ἐνοαυτός, δίενος, τρίενος
noun (m., 2nd declension)
  1. a circuit, circular course, periodical return
  2. a year
  3. A year ago, last year
  4. A full or whole year
  5. In each year, yearly
  6. a year, during a whole year
Abbreviations
annus, i, m. acc. to some, as Corssen, Beitr. 16, for am-nus, from 2. an- am-; or acc. to others, directly from 2. anus, a ring, and kindred to the form appearing, in ἐνοαυτός, δί-ενος, τρί-ενος. Lit., a circuit, circular course, periodical return: tempus a brumā ad brumam, dum sol redit, vocatur annus; quod, ut parvi circuli anuli, sic magni dicebantur circites ani, unde annus, Varr. L. L. 6, § 8 Mull.; cf. for the same idea: circum tribus actis annis, Lucr. 5, 883: anno, qui solstitiali circumagitur orbe, Liv. 1, 19; 6, 1: quae (stellae) volvunt magnos in magnis orbibus annos, Lucr. 5, 644; so Verg. A. 1, 234: multis solis redeuntibus annis, Lucr. 1, 311; so Verg. A. 8, 47; cf. also Voss ad Verg. G. 2, 402; and the Heb. = month, from = to renew; hence, a year (consisting among the Rom. orig. of ten months, ending with Dec. and beginning with Mart., but from the time of Numa of twelve): annos sexaginta natus, Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 10: principio circum tribus actis impiger annis Floret equus, Lucr. 5, 881: tempora mutare annorum, the seasons, id. 2, 170: anni tempus, Varr, R. R. 1, 46: nemo est tam senex, qui se annum non putet posse vivere, Cic. Sen. 7, 24: centum et septem complevit annos, id. ib. 5, 13 et saep.: anni fugaces, Hor. C. 2, 14, 1: anni mobiles, id. A. P. 157: annus piger, id. Ep. 1, 1, 21: anni breves, id. C. 4, 13, 23: per exactos annos, id. ib. 3, 22, 6: initio anni, Liv. 2, 52: principio anni, id. 2, 48: anno ineunte, Suet. Calig. 42; id. Tib. 54: anno exeunte, Cic. Div. 1, 25: extremo anno, Liv. 2, 64: extremo anni, Tac. A. 6, 27: anno circumacto, Liv. 6, 1: vertente anno, Vulg. 2 Reg. 11, 1: annus totus, Hor. S. 2, 3, 1: annus solidus, a full year, Liv. 1, 19.

—Poet.: pleno anno, at the close of, Hor. C. 3, 18, 5; Plaut. Stich. 1, 1, 30; id. Men. 2, 1, 9: nondum centum et decem anni sunt, cum lata est lex, Cic. Off. 2, 21, 75: lex anno post quam lata sit abrogata, id. Cornel. Fragm. ap. Orell. IV. 2, p. 448.

— Adverb. phrases. Anno. A year ago, last year, πέρυσι (for the most part anteclass.; not used by Cic.), Plaut. Am. prol. 91: quattuor minis ego emi istanc anno, id. Men. 1, 3, 22; id. Truc. 2, 4, 39: utrum anno an horno te abstuleris a viro, Lucil. ap. Non. p. 121, 8; so, ab anno priore, Vulg. 2 Cor. 8, 10; and: ab anno praeterito, ib. ib. 9, 2.

— A full or whole year, Liv. 3, 39 fin.: corpus ejus matronae anno luxerunt, Aur. Vict. Vir. Ill. 10 fin. (in Livy, instead of it, annum; v. 2. infra).

— In each year, yearly: uno boum jugo conseri anno quadragena jugera, difficilis tricena justum est, Plin. 18, 18, 48, § 173.

—But in is freq. added when it is related how often a thing happened during the year, Varr. R. R. 2, 11, 8: ter in anno, Cic. Rosc. Am. 46: semel in anno, Vulg. Heb. 9, 7 (cf.: semel per annum, ib. Ex. 30, 10) al. (but without in' ter et quater anno, Hor. C. 1, 31, 14: bis anno, Plin. 2, 73, 75, § 184).

— Annum, a year, during a whole year: matronae annum eum luxerunt, Liv. 2, 7.

— Ad annum, for the coming year, a year hence: faciendum est ad annum, Cic. de Or. 3, 24, 92: quem ad annum tribunum plebis videbam fore, id. Att. 5, 2.

— In annum. For a year: prorogatum in annum im perium est, Liv. 37, 2, 11: si quid Est (gnaws) animum, differs curandi tempus in annum? Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 39: provisae frugis in annum Copia, id. ib. 1, 18, 109.

— In the next year, the next year: quod stercoratione faciunt in annum segetes meliores, Varr. R. R. 2, 2, 12.

— Per annos, year by year, yearly: arva per annos mutant, et superest ager, Tac. G. 26; so, per omnes annos, Vulg. Lev. 16, 34; ib. Luc. 2, 41.

— Omnibus annis, all the years, always, Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 21.

— Transf. Poet., a part of a year, a season of the year: nunc frondent silvae, nunc formosissimus an-nus, now the forest is clothed with verdure, now the year is most beautiful, Verg. E. 3, 57; so, pomifer annus, Hor. C. 3, 23, 8: hibernus annus, id. Epod. 2, 29: Pisaeumque domus non aestuat annum, i. e. the summer (in which season of the year the Olympic games were celebrated at Pisa), Stat. S. 1, 3, 8.

— The produce of the year (poet. or in post-Aug. prose; cf. annona, I.), Luc. 9, 437: agricolae annum flevere, id. 3, 452; 3, 70; Stat. Th. 4, 710; Val. Fl. 5, 424: nec arare terram aut exspectare annum, Tac. G. 14, ubi v. Rup.; cf. Schwarz ad Plin. Pan. 29.

— Time of life (poet.): Dum vernat sanguis, dum rugis integer annus, while your years are free from wrinkles, Prop. 5, 5, 59: vitae longus et annus erit, the years of life, id. 3, 7, 38.

— In polit. life, the age to which one must attain in order to be appointed to an office (cf. annalis, II.): quod hoc honore me adfecistis primā petitione, quod anno meo, Cic. Agr. 2, 2: subito reliquit annum suum seseque in annum proximum transtulit, id. Mil. 9, 24: qui anno suo petierint, id. ib. 9, 24; id. Att. 1, 1; id. Fam. 10, 25.

— In astronomy: annus magnus or mundanus, the period of time in which the constellations return to the same place; acc. to Macr. Somn. Scip. 2, 11, 15,000 years; v. Cic. N. D. 2, 20; Tac. Or. 16; and Madv. ad Cic. Fin. 2, 31, 102.
 
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