Definition of annona
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Orthography ID = 2003278
1.
LNS
annōna, annōnae
from annus, as pomona from pomum
noun (f., 1st declension)
  1. the yearly produce, the annual income of natural products
  2. Means of subsistence, corn or grain
  3. the price of grain or other food
  4. the prices, the market
  5. Dearness
  6. market-price, at the present dear rate
Abbreviations
annōna, ae, f. from annus, as pomona from pomum. In gen., the yearly produce, the annual income of natural products, in the widest sense (cf.: cibaria annua, Cato, R. R. 60): vectigal novum ex salariā annonā, Liv. 29, 37: lactis, Col. 8, 17, 13: musti, id. 3, 21, 6; 3, 3, 10.

— Esp. Means of subsistence, and, for the most part, corn or grain: annona nisi in calamitate pretium non habet, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 98: vilitas annonae ex summā inopiā et caritate rei frumentariae consecuta est, id. Imp. Pomp. 15, 44: uberrimus ager ad varietates annonae horreum populi Romani fore videbatur, Liv. 7, 31: clausis annonae subsidiis, Tac. H. 3, 48 fin.: provincia annonae fecunda, id. ib. 1, 11; cf. Suet. Aug. 18: annonae curam agere, id. Claud. 18; cf. id. Tib. 8: praebebant annonam regi, Vulg. 3 Reg. 4, 7; ib. 4 Reg. 25, 30; ib. Dan. 1, 5 al.

—Sometimes contrasted with frumentum, as provisions in gen.: copia frumenti et annona tolerabilis rerum aliarum, a supply, Liv 35, 44.

— Meton., the price of grain or other food: quom cara annona sit, Plaut. Capt. 3, 1, 35; id. Stich. 1, 3, 25; Ter. And. 4, 4, 7; Cic. Div. 2, 27 fin.: annona est gravis, Plaut. Stich. 4, 2, 53; so Suet. Aug. 25: incendere annonam, Varr. R. R. 3, 2, 16: jam ad denarios quinquaginta in singulos modios annona pervenerat, Caes. B. C. 1, 52: nihil mutavit annona, Liv. 5, 12 (cf. id. 2, 34: annona vetus): annona acris, Tac. A. 4, 6: gravitas annonae, id. ib. 6, 13: in annonae difficultatibus, Suet. Aug. 41: annona macelli, id. Tib. 34.

— Trop., the prices, the market: Qui homines probi essent, esset īs annona vilior, Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 140: Vilis amicorum est annona, bonis ubi quid deest, cheap indeed is the market of friendship, Hor. Ep. 1, 12, 24: his opibus numquam cara est annona veneni, Juv. 9, 100.

—Hence sometimes, Dearness: cena hac annonā est sine sacris hereditas, at the present (i. e. high) market-price, at the present dear rate, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 83: ob annonae causam, Cic. Dom. 5.

— In milit. lang., provisions, supplies: necessitas annonam pariter et arma portandi, Veg. Mil. 1, 19: annona decem et septem dierum, Amm. 17, 9.

—Hence, meton., the loaves of bread them selves, rations (in this sense only in the plur.): ceteri annonas binas aut ternas accipiebant, Lampr. Alex. Sev. 42; cf. Cod. Th. 7,5.

— Personified, the goddess of the yearly produce: ANNONAE SANCTAE AELIVS VITALIO, etc., Inscr. Orell. 1810.
 
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