Definition of affligo, adfligo
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Orthography ID = 2001781
1.
LNS
afflīgō, afflīgere, afflixī, afflictus
adflīgō, adflīgere, adflixī, adflictus
affligo, adfligo
verb (3rd conjugation)
  1. to strike or beat a thing to, to cast or throw down or against, to dash, by striking
  2. To ruin, weaken, cast down, prostrate
  3. To reduce, lower, lessen in value
  4. to cast down, dishearten, to diminish, lessen, impair
  5. to let a lawsuit which has been undertaken fall through, to give up, abandon
  6. cast down, dejected, discouraged, desponding
Abbreviations
af-flīgo (better adf-), ixi, ictum, 3, v. a. (afflixint = afflixerint, Front. ad M. Caes. 3, 3). Lit., to strike or beat a thing to some point, to cast or throw down or against, to dash, somewhere by striking; esp. of ships which are driven or cast away by the wind.

—Constr. with ad or dat.: te ad terram, scelus, adfligam, I will dash thee to the earth, Plaut. Pers. 5, 2, 15, and id. Rud. 4, 3, 71: nolo equidem te adfligi, id. Most. 1, 4, 19: statuam, to throw down, overthrow, Cic. Pis. 38; so, monumentum, id. Cael. 32: domum, id. pro Dom. 40: (alces) si quo adflictae casu conciderint, Caes. B. G. 6, 27: infirmas arbores pondere adfligunt, id. ib.: tempestas naves Rhodias adflixit, ita ut, etc., dashed them about, shattered them, id. B. C. 3, 27.

—So in descriptions of a battle: equi atque viri adflicti, etc., Sall. J.101,11: ubi scalae comminutae, qui supersteterant, adflicti sunt, were thrown down, id. ib. 60, 7: ubi Mars communis et victum saepe erigeret et adfligeret victorem, Liv. 28, 19: imaginem solo, Tac. H. 1, 41: caput saxo, to dash against, id. A. 4, 45: aquila duos corvos adflixit et ad terram dedit, Suet. Aug. 96 Ruhnk.; so id. Dom. 23.

— Poet., Ov. M. 12, 139; 14, 206; Sil. 9, 631.

— Fig. To ruin, weaken, cast down, prostrate: cum prospero flatu ejus (fortunae) utimur, ad exitus pervehimur optatos; et cum reflavit, adfligimur, Cic. Off. 2, 6: virtus nostra nos adflixit, has ruined, id. Fam. 14, 4; id. Sest. 7: Pompeius ipse se adflixit, id. Att. 2, 19: senectus enervat et adfligit homines, id. Sen. 70: opes hostium, Liv. 2, 16: aliquem bello, id. 28, 39: Othonianas partes, Tac. H. 2, 33: amicitias, Suet. Tib. 51; so id. Aug. 66 et saep.

— To reduce, lower, or lessen in value (syn. minuo): hoc oratoris esse maxime proprium, rem augere posse laudando, vituperandoque rursus adfligere, to bring down, Cic. Brut. 12.

—Trop., of courage, to cast down, dishearten, to diminish, lessen, impair: animos adfligere et debilitare metu, Cic. Tusc. 4, 15, 34.

— Adfligere causam susceptam, to let a lawsuit which has been undertaken fall through, to give up, abandon, Cic. Sest. 41, 89.

—Hence, afflictus (adf-), a, um, P. a. Cast down, ill used, wretched, miserable, unfortunate, distressed; lit. and trop.: naves, damaged, shattered, Caes. B. G. 4, 31: Graecia perculsa et adflicta et perdita, Cic. Fl. 7: ab adflictā amicitiā transfugere et ad florentem aliam devolare, id. Quint. 30: non integra fortuna, at adflicta, id. Sull. 31: adflictum erigere, id. Imp. Pomp. 29.

—Comp.: adflictiore condicione esse, id. Fam. 6,1; hence: res adflictae (like accisae and adfectae), disordered, embarrassed, ruined circumstances, affairs in a bad state, ill condition, Sall. J. 76, 6; so Luc. 1, 496; Just. 4, 5: copiae, Suet. Oth. 9.

— Fig. Of the mind: cast down, dejected, discouraged, desponding: aegritudine adflictus, debilitatus, jacens, Cic. Tusc. 4, 16: luctu, id. Phil. 9, 5: maerore, id. Cat. 2, 1: adflictus vitam in tenebris luctuque trahebam, Verg. A. 2, 92; Suet. Oth. 9.

— Of character, like abjectus, abandoned, outcast, depraved, low, mean, base, vile: homo adflictus et perditus, Cic. Phil. 3, 10: nemo tam adflictis est moribus, quin, etc., Macr. S. 6, 7.

—Sup. and adv. not used.
 
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