Definition of aegrum
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Orthography ID = 2001369
1.
LNS
aegrum, aegrī
aeger
noun (n., 2nd declension)
  1. Uncomfortably
  2. With difficulty or effort
  3. hardly, scarcely
  4. with grief, regret, displeasure, dislike, unwillingly, reluctantly
Abbreviations
aeger, gra, grum, adj. Curtius proposes to connect it with ἐπ-είγω, to press, drive; αἰγίς, storm-wind; αἶγες, waves; and Sanscr. egāmi, to tremble; trembling, shaking, being a common symptom of illness, designates indisposition, as well of mind as of body (while aegrotus is generally used only of physical disease; class.; in Cic. far more frequent than aegrotus; Celsus uses only aeger, never aegrotus). Lit., of the body, ill, sick, unwell, diseased, suffering. Of men: homines aegri morbo gravi, Cic. Cat. 1, 13: graviter aegrum fuisse, id. Div. 1, 25; id. Tusc. 2, 25, 61: infirma atque aegra valetudo, id. Brut. 48 fin.: aegro corpore esse, id. ad Quir. 1 fin.: ex vulnere, id. Rep. 2, 21: vulneribus, Nep. Milt. 7: pedibus, Sall. C. 59, 4; so Liv. 42, 28; Tac. H. 3, 38; Wernsd. Poet. L. Min. 6, 197, 8: stomachus, Hor. S. 2, 2, 43: anhelitus, shortness of breath, Verg. A. 5, 432.

—At a later period constr. with gen. or acc.: Psyche aegra corporis, animi saucia, App. M. 4, 86, p. 310 Oud. (cf. id. ib. 5, 102, p. 360 Oud.: Psyche corporis et animi alioquin infirma; and Liv. Andron. ap. Prisc. p. 725 P.: inops, aegra sanitatis, where, however, Bothe suspects aegra to be a gloss.): memini, me quondam pedes tunc graviter aegrum, Gell. 19, 10.

—Subst., a sick person, Cic. Div. 2, 3: ne aegri quidem omnes convalescunt, id. N. D. 2, 4: aegro adhibere medicinam, id. de Or. 2, 44, 186: vicinum funus aegros exanimat, Hor. S. 1, 4, 126: ungebant oleo multos aegros, Vulg. Marc. 6, 16; ib. Act. 5, 16.

—Hence, ab aegris servus, an attendant on the sick, a nurse (cf. ab): D. M. SEXTORIO AVG. LIB. AB AEGRIS CVBICVLARIORVM, Inscr. Orell. 2886.

— Of brutes: sues aegri, Verg. G. 3, 496; so Col. 6, 5, 1: avidos inlidit in aegrum Cornipedem cursus, i. e. wounded, Stat. Th. 11, 517.

— Of plants, diseased: seges aegra, Verg. A. 3, 142: aegra arbor, Pall. Febr. 25, 23: vitis, id. Mart. 7, 4.

— Fig. Of the mind, troubled, anxious, dejected, sad, sorrowful, etc., of any agitation of the passions or feelings, of love, hope, fear, anxiety, sorrow: aeger animus, Sall. J. 74: aegris animis legati superveniunt, Liv. 2, 3, 5; cf. Drak. ad h. l.: scribendi cacoethes aegro in corde senescit, Juv. 7, 52: aegri mortales, i. e. miseri (δειλοί βροτοί, ὀιζυροί, πολύπονοι), Verg. A. 2, 268; constr. with abl., gen., and ab. With abl.: Medea animo aegra, amore saevo saucia, Enn. ap. Cic. Cael. 8 (the later edd. animo aegro, as B. and K.): animus aeger avaritiā, Sall. J. 31: amore, Liv. 30, 11: curis, Verg. A. 1, 208 al.

— With gen. of respect (cf. Drak. ad Liv. 30, 15, 9; Rudd. II. p. 73; and Roby, II. § 1321): aeger consilii, infirm in purpose, Sall. Fragm. ap. Arusian, p. 212 Lind., and Stat. Th. 9, 141: animi, Liv. 1, 58; 2, 36; Curt. 4, 3, 11.

—Of cause: rerum temere motarum, Flor. 3, 17, 9: morae, Luc. 7, 240: delicti, Sil. 13, 52: pericli, id. 15, 135: timoris, id. 3, 72.

— With ab: A morbo valui, ab animo aeger fui, Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 26.

— Trop., of a diseased condition of the state, suffering, weak, feeble: maxime aegra et prope deposita rei publicae pars, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 2: qui et semper aegri aliquid esse in re publica volunt, Liv. 5, 3; Flor. 3, 23 al.

— Of the eyes, evil, envious: recentem aliorum felicitatem aegris oculis introspicere, Tac. H. 2, 20 (Halm here reads acribus).

—Of abstr. things, sad, sorrowful, grievous, unfortunate (class., but for the most part poet.): numquam quidquam meo animo fuit aegrius, Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 29 (where aegrius may be the adv.; v. aegre below): dolores aegri, Lucr. 3, 905: luctus, id. 3, 933: amor, Verg. G. 4, 464: mors, id. ib. 3, 512: spes, i. e. faint, slight hope, Sil. 9, 543: fides, wavering, id. 2, 392 al.

—As subst.: aegrum, i, n.: plus aegri ex abitu viri quam ex adventu voluptatis cepi, more pain, Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 11: sed cui nihil accidit aegri, Lucr. 5, 171.

—Adv.: aegrē.

— Lit. Object. Uncomfortably: nescio quid meo animost aegre, disturbs my mind, vexes, annoys me, Plaut. Merc. 2, 3, 35; so, aegre esse alicui, often in Plaut. and Ter. (like bene or male esse alicui); Plaut. Bacch. 5, 1, 26; id. Capt. 3, 5, 43; Ter. Hec. 2, 1, 63 al.; cf. opp. volupe, volup: si illis aegrest, mihi quod volup est, Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 152.

— Absol.: aegre est, Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 57.

—Also: aegre facere alicui, to vex, hurt, Plaut. Cas. 3, 4, 17; Ter. Eun. 5, 5, 31; and: aegre audire aliquid ex aliquo, any thing annoying, disagreeable, id. Hec. 5, 1, 39.

— With difficulty or effort (opp. facile): omnis conglutinatio recens aegre, inveterata facile divellitur, Cic. de Sen. 20, 72; cf.: inveteratio, ut in corporibus, aegrius depellitur quam perturbatio, id. Tusc. 4, 37, 81; and: omne bellum sumi facile, ceterum aegerrime desinere, Sall. J. 83, 1: nec magis versutus nec quo ab caveas aegrius, Plaut. As. 1, 1, 106: aegre rastris terram rimantur, Verg. G. 3, 534 al.: non aegre persequi iter, Col. 9, 8, 9; so, haud aegre, Curt. 4, 3, 10; 10, 8, 22.

—More freq., = vix, Gr. μόγις, hardly, scarcely: aegre nimis risum continui, Plaut. As. 3, 2, 36: aegre me tenui, Cic. Att. 16, 11: aegre fero, v. fero: aegre abstinere quin, etc., Liv. 2, 45: aegre stantes, Tac. Agr. 36 al.

—Hence often vix aegreque in connection, Plaut. Poen. 1, 2, 27; Flor. 2, 10; Macr. Somn. Scip. 1, 7; id. S. 1, 7; App. M. 1, p. 111.

— Subject., with grief, regret, displeasure, or dislike, unwillingly, reluctantly: discessit, aegre ferens, distempered, vexed (opp. laetus), Cic. Div. 1, 33 fin.: aegre pati, Liv. 1, 9 et saep.: aegre tolerare, Tac. Agr. 13: si alibi plus perdiderim, minus aegre habeam, i. e. feram, Plaut. Bacch. 5, 1, 16: aegre carere, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 5, 13.

—Comp.: quod aegrius patimur, Liv. 7, 13: aegrius accipere, Tac. Ann. 4, 71.

—Sup.: aegerrime ferre, Sall. J. 87: aegerrime pati Poet. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 44, 105.
 
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