Definition of abeo
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y zgo back
Orthography ID = 2000084
1.
LNS
abeō, abīre, abivī, abītus
-, -, abiī, -
a, beo, ab, eo
verb (ire conjugation)
  1. to go from, to go away, depart
  2. To pass away
  3. to disappear, vanish, cease
  4. to die
  5. to pass away, elapse
  6. To be changed from, to be transformed, metamorphosed
Abbreviations
ab-eo, ivi or ii, ītum, īre, v. n. (abin= abisne, Plaut. and Ter.; abiit, dissyl., v. Herm. Doctr. Metr. p. 153), to go from a place, to go away, depart. Lit.. In gen., constr. with ab, ex, the simple abl., the acc. with in, the local adv. hinc, and absol.: abeo ab illo, Plaut. Cure. 2, 3, 70: abi in malam rem maxumam a me, id. Ep. 1, 1, 72 (v. infra); so id. Bacch. 4, 9, 107: abin e conspectu meo? id. Am. 1, 3, 20 (but also abin ab oculis? id. Trin. 4, 2, 140: id. Truc. 2, 5, 24): ablturos agro Argivos, id. Am. 1, 1, 53: abire in aliquas terras, Cic. Cat. 1, 8, 20: insanus, qui hinc abiit modo, Plaut. Merc. 2, 2, 61: abi prae, jam ego sequar, go on, I will soon follow, id. Am. 1, 3, 45.

—With supine: abiit exsulatum, into exile, Plaut. Merc. 3, 4, 6; Liv. 2, 15 fin.; cf.: abi deambulatum, Ter. Heaut. 3, 3, 26.

—Absol.: (Catilina) abiit, excessit, evasit, erupit, Cic. Cat. 2, 1, 1: praetor de sellā surrexit atque abiit, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 65 fin.: quae dederat abeuntibus, Verg. A. 1, 196 al.: sub jugum abire, Liv. 3, 2, 8 fin.

— With inf.: abi quaerere, Plaut. Cist. 2, 1, 26.

—Of things: cornus sub altum pectus abit, penetrates deeply, Verg. A. 9, 700.In partic. To pass away, so that no trace remains; to disappear, vanish, cease. Of man, to die: qui nune abierunt hinc in communem locum (i.e. in Orcum), Plaut. Cas. prol. 19; cf.: ea mortem obiit, e medio abiit, Ter. Phorm. 5, 9, 30; so also Cic.: abiit e vitā, Tusc. 1, 30, 74 al.

— Of time, to pass away, elapse: dum haec abiit hora, Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 50: menses, id. Ad. 4, 5, 57: annus, Cic. Sest. 33, 72: abit dies, Cat. 61, 195: tota abit hora, Hor. S. 1, 5, 14.

—Of other things: per inane profundum, Lucr. 1, 1108: nausea jam plane abiit? Cic. Att. 14, 10, 2; so id. Fam. 9, 20; Ov. M. 7, 290 al. To be changed from one's own ways or nature into something else, to be transformed, metamorphosed; always constr. with in (chiefly poet., esp. in Ov. M., as a constant expression for metamorphosis): terra abit in nimbos imbremque, Lucil. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 24 Mūll.: in corpus corpore toto, to pass with their whole body into another, Lucr. 4, 1111: aut abit in somnum, is, as it were, wholly dissolved in sleep, is all sleep, id. 3, 1066: E in V abiit. Varr. L. L. 5, § 91 Mūll.: in villos abeunt vestes, in crura lacerti, Ov. M. 1, 236; id. ib. 2, 674: jam barba comaeque in silvas abeunt, id. ib. 4, 657; 4, 396; so id. ib. 3, 398; 8,555; 14, 499; 14, 551 al.: in vanum abibunt monentium verba, will dissolce into nothing, Sen. Ep. 94 med.; hence, in avi mores regem abiturum, would adopt the ways of, Liv. 1, 32.Trop. In gen., to depart from, to leave off, to turn aside: ut ab jure non abeat, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 44, § 114; so, ab emptione, Dig. 2, 14, 7, § 6; 18, 2, 14, § 2 sq.: a venditione, ib. 18, 5, 1: sed abeo a sensibus, leave, i. e. speak no more of, Cic. Ac. 2, 28, 9; so often with longe: non longe abieris, you need not go far to seek for examples, id. Fam. 7, 19; cf.: ne longius abeam, id. Rosc. Am. 16, 47; id. Caec. 33, 95 al.: quid ad istas ineptias abis? why do you have recourse to

—? id. Rosc. Am. 16, 47: abit causa in laudes Cn. Pompeii, Quint. 9, 2, 55: illuc, unde abii, redeo, I set out, Hor. S. 1, 1, 108: pretium retro abiit, has fallen, Plin. Ep. 3, 19, 7.In partic. With abl., to retire from an office or occupation: abiens magistratu, Cic. Pis. 3, 6; id. Fam. 5, 2, 7: Liv. 2, 27 fin.; 3, 38 fin. al.; so, abire consulatu, Cic. Att. 1, 16, 5; cf. flaminio, Liv. 26, 23 fin.: sacerdotio, Gell. 6, 7, 4: honore, Suet. Aug. 26: tutelā, Dig. 26, 4, 3, § 8; cf.: tutelā vel curā, ib. 26, 10, 3, § 18 al.Of the consequence or result of an action, to turn out, end, terminate: mirabar hoc si sic abiret, Ter. And. 1, 2, 4: cf.: non posse ista sic abire, Cic. Att. 14, 1; so id. Fin. 5, 3, 7; Cat. 14, 16 al.In auctions, t. t., not to be knocked down to one: si res abiret ab eo mancipe, should not fall to him, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 54; cf.: ne res abiret ab eo, that he may purchase it, id. 2, 3, 64; so Dig. 18, 2, 1; 50, 17, 205.The imper. abi is often a simple exclamation or address, either with a friendly or reproachful signif. Abi, Indis me, credo, Begone, you are fooling me! Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 32; so Ter. Ad. 4, 2, 25; cf. Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 205.

—Begone! be off! abi modo, Plaut. Poen. 1, 3, 20: abi, nescis inescare homines, Ter. Ad. 2, 2, 12; bence in the malediction, abi in malam rem! go be hanged! Plaut. Pers. 2, 4, 17: abin hine in malam crucem? id. Most. 3, 2, 163 (ef. Cic.: quin tu abis in malam pestem malumque cruciatum? Phil. 13, 21); v. crux and cruciatus.
 
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