Definition of absum
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Orthography ID = 1000235
1.
LEM
absum, abesse, āfuī, - (āfutūrus)
verb (sum conjugation)
  1. to be away from, be absent, be free from
  2. to be removed from, be disinclined to
  3. to be removed from, be different from, differ
  4. to be unsuitable, be inappropriate
  5. to be wanting to, fail, not to help
Abbreviations
ab-sum āfuī (not abfuī), āfutūrus (āforem, āfore), abesse, in general, to be away from, be absent: dum abs te absum, T.: qui nullā lege abessem, i. e. since my exile was unlawful: Athenis, N.: hinc abesto, stand off, Ph.: omnia quae absunt, unseen things, Cs.: Unus abest, is missing, V.: nec Teucris addita Iuno Usquam aberit, will ever cease to follow them, V.: barba dum aberat, i. e. until the beard grew, O.

—With distance in space or time: ab urbe abesse milia passuum ducenta: longe: procul, S.: cuius aetas a senatoriā gradu longe abesset, was far too young for: a quibus paucorum dierum iter, Cs.: profectus mensīs tris abest, three months ago, T.: nec longis inter se passibus absunt, V.: quod abest longissime, and that is far from the truth: tantum abest ab infamiā, ut, etc.: neque longius abesse quin proximā nocte ... exercitum educat, i. e. nor was the time more remote, Cs.

—In the phrase: tantum abest ut ... ut, so far from ... that, etc.: tantum abest ut gratiam quaesisse videar, ut simultates intellegam suscepisse, I am so far from being shown to have courted popularity, that, etc.: tantum abest ab eo, ut malum mors sit, ut verear, ne, etc.

— Hence, to be away from, be free from: a culpā: ab eius modi crimine.

—To be removed from, be disinclined to: ab istis studiis: tantum aberat a bello, ut, etc., he was so averse to war, that, etc.: ab hoc consilio afuisse, took no part in, Cs.: ceteri a periculis aberant, avoided, S.: paulum a fugā aberant, were almost ready to flee, S.

—To be removed from, be different from, differ: qui longissime a te afuit, i. e. had the largest majority: abest virtute Messallae, is far inferior to, H.

— To be unsuitable, be inappropriate: scimus musicen abesse ab principis personā, N.

—To be wanting: quaeris id quod habes, quod abest non quaeris, T.: nusquam abero, V.: ratus pluribus curam, omnibus afuisse fortunam, that most had been negligent, all unsuccessful, Cu.: Donec virenti canities abest Morosa, H.: curtae nescio quid semper abest rei, H.

—Hence with a negative or paulum (not parum), followed by quin, not much, little, nothing is wanting that, etc.: neque multum abesse ab eo, quin, etc., Cs.: paulumque afuit quin, Cs.: legatos haud procul afuit quin violarent, they came very near, L.

—Abesse alicui or ab aliquo, to be wanting to, fail, not to help: longe alcui, O.: longe iis fraternum nomen populi R. afuturum, Cs.: quo plus intererat, eo plus aberat (tua virtus) a me, i. e. the more it would have helped me, the more it failed me: iussis mora abesto, O.: nec dextrae erranti deus afuit, V.: remo ut luctamen abesset, so that the rowing was without effort, V.
 
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